Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie

Persoonlijke gegevens Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie 

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Zij is getrouwd met (1) Alexander Francois Marie de Beauharnais op 13 juli 1779 te Noisy Le Grand, zij was toen 16 jaar oud.


  1. Eugène Rose de Beauharnais  1781-1824 
  2. Hortense Eugénie Cécile de Beauharnais  1783-1837 

Zij is getrouwd met (2) Napoléon I Bonaparte op 8 maart 1796 te Paris, 75000, Île de France - Seine, France, zij was toen 32 jaar oud.

Notities bij Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie

First wife of Napoléon Bonaparte, and thus the first Empress of the French

Joséphine de Beauharnais was born to a wealthy white Creole family that owned a sugar plantation. She was a daughter of Joseph-Gaspard Tascher (1735-1790), chevalier, seigneur de la Pagerie, lieutenant of Troupes de Marine, and his wife, the former Rose-Claire des Vergers de Sannois (1736-1807), whose maternal grandfather, Anthony Brown, was Irish.

The family struggled financially after hurricanes destroyed their estate in 1766. Edmée, Joséphine's paternal aunt, had been the mistress of François, vicomte de Beauharnais, a French aristocrat. When François's health began to fail, Edmée arranged the advantageous marriage of her niece, Catherine-Désirée, to François's son Alexandre. This marriage would be highly beneficial for the Tascher family, because it would keep the Beauharnais money in their hands; however, twelve-year old Catherine died on 16 October 1777, before leaving Martinique for France. In service to their aunt Edmée's goals, Catherine was replaced by her older sister, Joséphine.

In October 1779, Joséphine went to France with her father. She married Alexandre on 13 December 1779, in Noisy-le-Grand. Although their marriage was not happy, they had two children: a son, Eugène de Beauharnais (1781– 1824), and a daughter, Hortense de Beauharnais (1783– 1837), who married Napoléon's brother Louis Bonaparte in 1802.

On 2 March 1794, during the Reign of Terror, the Comité de Salut public ordered the arrest of her husband. He was jailed in the Carmes prison in Paris. Considering Joséphine as too close to the counter-revolutionary financial circles, the Committee ordered her arrest on 19 April 1794. A warrant of arrest was issued against her on 2 Floréal, year II (21 April 1794), and she was imprisoned in the Carmes prison until 10 Thermidor, year II (28 July 1794). Her husband was accused of having poorly defended Mainz in July 1793, and considered an aristocratic "suspect", was sentenced to death and guillotined, with his cousin Augustin, on 23 July 1794, on the Place de la Révolution (today's Place de la Concorde) in Paris, Joséphine was freed five days later, thanks to the fall and execution of Robespierre, which ended the Reign of Terror. On 27 July 1794 (9 Thermidor), Tallien arranged the liberation of Thérèse Cabarrus, and soon after that of Joséphine.

In June 1795, a new law allowed her to recover the possessions of Alexandre.

Source :

Tijdbalk Marie Josèphe Rose Tascher de La Pagerie

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Over de familienaam Tascher de La Pagerie

Historische context (op basis van trouwdag 13 juli 1779)