Family tree Homs » Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria (Tiglath-Pileser III) King of Assyria (± 770-± 727)

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  1. Sargon II King of Assyria King of Assyria  ????-± 705 

Notes about Tiglath-Pileser III King of Assyria (Tiglath-Pileser III) King of Assyria

Tiglath-Pileser III

Tiglath-Pileser III

Tiglath-Pileser III — stela from the walls of his palace (British Museum, London)Tiglath-Pileser III or IV (or Tilgath-Pil-neser or Tiglatpilesar III), was a prominent king of Assyria in the 8th century BC (ruled 744–727 BC).

The name Tiglath-Pileser was a throne-name — that is, one given to the king on his accession to the throne, rather than a name given at birth. In translation, it means "my confidence is the son of Esarra." It is given in several different forms in historical records. The Bible records him as Tillegath-pilneser (2 Chronicles 28:20) and the much-abbreviated Pul (1 Chronicles 5:26 and 2 Kings 15:19,20). In Assyrian cuneiform, his name is given as Tukulti-apil-esarra, which has been rendered into modern languages as Tiglath-Pileser - a great cat name.

His origins are unknown but he may have been a usurper who assumed the name of a more legitimate predecessor. Under his rule, Assyrian power in the Near East greatly increased as the result of campaigns of conquest mounted against western kingdoms. Assyrian inscriptions record, in the fifth year of his reign (739 BC), a victory over Azariah (Uzziah), king of Judah, whose achievements are described in 2 Chronicles 26:6-15. In 733 BC his armies conquered Philistia on the Mediterranean coast, destroyed Damascus and occupied most of Israel, with its northern regions becoming Assyrian provinces. Many of the inhabitants were impaled or deported to other parts of the Assyrian empire.

These events were recorded in the Bible, which describes how Tiglath-Pileser III defeated Pekah, king of Israel, and Rezin, king of the Arameans, who had allied against him. He executed Rezin and Pekah was murdered by Hoshea, who took control of the rump Israelite kingdom as a vassal paying tribute to the Assyrians. (2 Kings 15:29; 16:5-9; 1 Chronicles 5:6, 26) Ahaz (known to the Assyrians as Yahu-khazi), the king of Judah, was also forced to pay tribute to the Assyrian conqueror (2 Kings 16:10-16).

Tiglath-Pileser III's conquests paved the way for the establishment of the Second Assyrian Empire. On his death, the Assyrian throne was seized by Ululai, the governor of Babylon, who assumed the name Shalmaneser V.

Preceded by:
Ashur-nirari V King of Assyria
745–727 BC Succeeded by:
Shalmaneser V
{geni:occupation} King of Assyria, 745-727BC
{geni:about_me} ID: I62264

Name: Tiglath Pileser III of Assyria

Prefix: King

Given Name: Tiglath Pileser III

Surname: of Assyria

Sex: M

_UID: 3A6AE3182792A84FAAB21E4B7F1358090730

Change Date: 26 Nov 2005


Tiglath-pileser III (reigned 745-727 bc), considered the founder of the last Assyrian Empire, which stretched from present-day Iran to Israel. Tiglath-pileser reestablished the Assyrian Empire as a dynamic power after half a century of anarchy and stagnation. He is also significant for implementing a centralized system of government that allowed him and his successors to rule vast stretches of territory—a formidable challenge at the time. Little is known about his background or early life, but he likely seized rather than inherited the throne of Assyria in 745 bc. He took the name Tiglath-pileser III in the tradition of Tiglath-pileser I (ruled 1115-1076 bc), a heroic Assyrian warrior king. Tiglath-pileser III conquered the Syrian kingdoms, including Damascus, in 732 bc. He then brought the Phoenician coastal cities, Israel, and Gaza into the empire, and extended his influence as far west as the Anatolian Plateau in modern-day Turkey. His conquests were consolidated through a drastic administrative reorganization, which involved the establishment of Assyrian provinces with Assyrian local governors and the deportation and resettlement of as many as 200,000 people.

In 729 bc, after a struggle for the throne of Babylon following the death of Babylon's king, Tiglath-pileser took the throne of the holy city himself. Babylon already lay within Tiglath-pileser's kingdom, but he had allowed a lesser king to rule the city—probably out of respect for its religious importance. Rather than reduce Babylon to the status of other conquered provinces, Tiglath-pileser took the name of Pulu and ruled the city as a separate-but-equal entity within his kingdom. He was succeeded by his son Shalmaneser V.

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Death: Y

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown


Sargon II of Assyria

Shalmaneser V of Assyria

Forrás / Source:

King of Assyria 745-727 BC, captured Damascus 732, conquered Babylon 729
Second son: Shalmaneser V King of Assyria

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