Family Tree Welborn » Hugh de Cressingham (1264-1297)

Personal data Hugh de Cressingham 

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Ancestors (and descendant) of Hugh de Cressingham

Hugh de Cressingham

Household of Hugh de Cressingham


  1. Alice de Aspall (de Cressingham)  ± 1285-1338 

Notes about Hugh de Cressingham

Sir Hugh de Cressingham is your 22nd great grandfather.
¬â€  ·Üí Geneva Allene Welborn
your mother ·Üí Alice Elmyra Smith
her mother ·Üí Nellie Mary Henley
her mother ·Üí John Merrit Wooldridge
her father ·Üí Merritt Wooldridge
his father ·Üí Chesley Wooldridge
his father ·Üí Edward Wooldridge, Jr.
his father ·Üí Mary Wooldridge
his mother ·Üí Mary Martha Flournoy
her mother ·Üí Jane Gower
her mother ·Üí William Hatcher, of Varina Parish
her father ·Üí Mary Hatcher
his mother ·Üí Robert Smythe, Sir
her father ·Üí Thomas "Customer" Smythe, MP
his father ·Üí John Smythe, Esq., of Corsham
his father ·Üí Isabel Smythe
his mother ·Üí Isabel Ingoldisthorpe
her mother ·Üí Lady Joan Ingoldthorpe
her mother ·Üí John Tiptoft, Baron Tiptoft
her father ·Üí Sir Payn Tiptoft, Kt., MP
his father ·Üí Elizabeth Waweton
his mother ·Üí John Aspall
her father ·Üí Alice de Cressingham
his mother ·Üí Sir Hugh de Cressingham
her father

Sir Hugh de Cressingham
Gressingham, Lancaster, Lancashire, England
1297 (33) (Killed in battle, then flayed)
Immediate Family:
Son of William de Cressingham and Emma de Norfolk
Husband of NN de Cressingham (NN)
Father of Alice de Cressingham

Despite his illegitimate birth, De Cressingham became an important English cleric and Chief Justice of the North of England. He was made Treasurer of Scotland by Edward l, whereby he gained control of the entire occupation-regime. His own brand of cruelty made him hated by the Scots, second only in loathing to Edward himself. One of his acts was to order that all wool produced in Scotland (then the prime national export) was to be confiscated and sent to England. Fighting as a knight, he supervised the battle of Stirling Bridge, only to fall at the hands of the Scots. So great was their hatred of De Cressingham, they flayed his body and sent pieces of his skin all over the land, to be displayed at the entrance to the towns and cities as a reminder to all to defy the invader. That resistance culminated at Bannockburn (23 June 1314) --- Hugh Cressingham is described as a portly ecclesiastic. sensual and money- loving: on him devolved the unpopular task of collecting the King's rents and.. --- In 1294, Sir Hugh de Cressingham occurs rector of Great Cressingham, Norfolk, rector also of Enderby, Kingsclere, Hatfield, Chalk, Borles, Barnton, Dodington, Reymerston, Rudderly, &c. prebendary of St. Paul's, and in several cathedrals, treasurer of Scotland, taken by the Scots in the battle of Stryvelin, and flayed alive by them; he was born in this town; there was a family of good account of the said name. (History of Norfolk by Charles Parkin.) --- After the battle the rebels systematically stripped the dead of their armour and weapons, where they came across the body of Hugh Cressingham, the much hated Treasurer of Scotland. Not content in stripping the corpse of its armour and clothing, the rebels flayed and mutilated him, and as a token of their hatred towards the man they distributed his skin among themselves. For which the chronicle of Lanercost Priory reported that the rebels dried and cured Cressingham's hide and 'of his skin William Wallace caused a broad strip to be taken from his head to the heel, to make therewith a baldric for his sword'. --- CRESSINGHAM, HUGH DE. Just. Itin. 1292. Hugh de Cressingham was an officer of the Exchequer. In 10 Edward I. he went to Chichester, and took bail for several persons charged with certain transgressions against the property of the abbot of Ramsey 8 ; and in the eighteenth year he is called seneschall of the queen, and was one of her bailiffs for the manor of Haverford. In 20 Edward I., 1292, he was appointed with two others to investigate and audit the debts due to Henry III. , and in that and the three following years was at the head of the justices itinerant for the northern counties. Being also, as usual, of the ecclesiastical profession, he held about this time the parsonage of Doddington, and the rectory of Chalk in Kent. When the king defeated the Scotch and Baliol renounced the throne in 1296, Cressingham was appointed treasurer of that country, and, on the disorders which followed Edward's departure, was commanded not to scruple to spend the whole money in the exchequer to put them down. Proud, ignorant, and violent, he made himself hateful to the Scots by his oppressions ; and on the rising of Wallace in the following year, preferring the cuirass to the cassock, he joined the Earl of Surrey in leading the royal army to Stirling. Wallace left the siege of Dundee, in which he was engaged, and by a rapid march drew up his army on the other bank of the river Forth before the arrival of the English forces. By Cressingham's rashness the latter were led over the bridge, and were terribly defeated, he being among the first who fell. So deep was the detestation in which his character was regarded, that his body was mangled, the skin torn from his limbs, and in savage triumph cut to pieces." It is said that Wallace ordered as much of his skin to be taken off as would make a sword-belt ; a story which has been absurdly extended to its having been employed in making girths and saddles. The Scots called him "non thesaurarium sed trayturarium regis." He held the town of Hendon and land in Finchley in Middlesex, with the manor of Coulinge in Suffolk.

CRESSINGHAM, HUGH (d. 1297), treasurer of Scotland, a clerk and one of the officers of the exchequer, was employed in a matter arising from some wrongs done to the abbot of Ramsey in 1282; he was attached to the household of Eleanor, queen of Edward I, was her steward, and one of her bailiffs for the barony of Haverford. In 1292 the king employed him to audit the debts due to his late father, Henry III, and in that and during the next three years he was the head of the justices itinerant for the northern counties. He was presented to the parsonage of Chalk, Kent, by the prior and convent of Norwich, and held the rectory of Doddington in the same county (Hasted); he was also rector of ဘRuddebyမ (Rudby in Cleveland), and held prebends in several churches (Hemingburgh). On John Baliol's surrender of the crown of Scotland in 1296 Edward appointed Cressingham treasurer of the kingdom, charging him to spare no expense necessary for the complete reduction of the country (Rotuli Scotiæ, i. 42). He is uniformly described as a pompous man, uplifted by his advancement, harsh, overbearing, and covetous. Contrary to the king's express command he neglected to build a wall of stone upon the earthwork lately thrown up at Berwick, a folly which brought trouble later on. The absence of the Earl of Surrey, the guardian of Scotland, threw more power into the hands of the treasurer, who used it so as to incur the hatred of the people. Meanwhile Wallace succeeded in driving the English out of nearly all the castles north of the Forth. Surrey was at last roused, and marched with a large force to Stirling. Cressingham, who it is said never put on chasuble or spiritual armour, now put on helmet and breastplate and joined the army. Wallace left the siege of the castle of Dundee and succeeded in occupying the high ground above Cambuskenneth before the English could cross the river. A reinforcement of eight thousand foot and three hundred horse was brought by Lord Henry Percy from Carlisle. Fearful of the inroad this additional force would make upon the treasury, Cressingham ordered him to dismiss his soldiers, who were so indignant at this treatment that they were ready to stone the treasurer. The position held by the Scots commanded the bridge of Stirling, and it was evident that if the English crossed it they would probably be cut to pieces before they were able to form. Some vain attempts were made to treat. The earl was unwilling to expose his army to such a desperate risk, but Cressingham urged him to give the order to advance. ဘIt is no use, sir earl,မ he said, ဘto delay further and waste the king's money; let us cross the bridge and do our devoir as we are bound.မ The earl yielded, and the English were defeated with great slaughter. Cressingham was among those who fell in this battle of Cambuskenneth on 10 Sept. 1297, and the Scots gratified their hatred of him by cutting up his skinနhis body, we are told, was fat and his skin fairနinto small pieces, Wallace, according to one account, ordering that a piece should be taken from the body large enough to make him a sword-belt.
[Foss's Judges, iii. 82; Rot. Parl. i. 30, 33; Hasted's Kent, i. 520 (fol. ed.); Rot. Scotiæ, i. 42; Hemingburgh, ii. 127, 137, 139; Chron. Lanercost, p. 190; Fordun's Scotichronicon, pp. 979, 980 (Hearne); Nic. Trivet, pp. 351, 367; Tytler's Hist. of Scotland, i. 94ဓ100 (4to ed.)],_Hugh_(DNB00)

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