Ancestral Trails 2016 » ANDREAS II OF HUNGARY (1176-1235)

Persoonlijke gegevens ANDREAS II OF HUNGARY 


Gezin van ANDREAS II OF HUNGARY

Waarschuwing Let op: Partner (Beatrice d'ESTE) is 39 jaar jonger.

(1) Hij is getrouwd met Beatrice d'ESTE.

Zij zijn getrouwd op 14 mei 1234 te Székesfehérvár, Fejér, Hungary, hij was toen 58 jaar oud.


Kind(eren):



(2) Hij is getrouwd met YOLANDE de COURTENAY.

Zij zijn getrouwd in het jaar 1215 te Székesfehérvár, Fejér, Hungary, hij was toen 39 jaar oud.


Kind(eren):

  1. VIOLANTE OF HUNGARY  1216-1251 

  • Het echtpaar heeft gemeenschappelijke voorouders.

  • (3) Hij is getrouwd met GERTRUDE von ANDECHS-MERAN.

    Zij zijn getrouwd in het jaar 1202 te Esztergom, Komarom-Esztergom, Hungary, hij was toen 26 jaar oud.


    Kind(eren):

    1. Elizabeth of HUNGARY  1205-1231 
    2. Anna Maria of HUNGARY  1203-1237 
    3. Andrew II of HALYCH  ± 1210-1234
    4. BELA IV OF HUNGARY  1206-1270 
    5. Coloman von GALICIA  1208-1241

    • Het echtpaar heeft gemeenschappelijke voorouders.

    • Notities over ANDREAS II OF HUNGARY

      Andrew II (Hungarian: II. András) c. 1177 - 21 September 1235), also known as Andrew of Jerusalem, was King of Hungary and Croatia between 1205 and 1235. He ruled the Principality of Halych from 1188 until 1189/1190, and again between 1208/1209 and 1210. He was the younger son of Béla III of Hungary, who entrusted him with the administration of the newly conquered Principality of Halych in 1188. Andrew's rule was unpopular, and the boyars expelled him. Béla III willed property and money to Andrew, obliging him to lead a crusade to the Holy Land. Instead, Andrew forced his elder brother, King Emeric of Hungary, to cede Croatia and Dalmatia as an appanage to him in 1197. The following year, Andrew occupied Hum.

      Despite the fact that Andrew did not stop conspiring against Emeric, the dying king made Andrew guardian of his son, Ladislaus III, in 1204. After the premature death of Ladislaus, Andrew ascended the throne in 1205. According to historian László Kontler, "[i]t was amindst the socio-political turmoil during [Andrew's] reign that the relations, arrangements, institutional framework and social categories that arose under Stephen I, started to disintegrate in the higher echelons of society" in Hungary. Andrew introduced a new grants policy, the so-called "new institutions", giving away money and royal estates to his partisans despite the loss of royal revenues. He was the first Hungarian monarch to adopt the title of "King of Halych and Lodomeria". He waged at least a dozen wars to seize the two Rus' principalities, but the local boyars and neighboring princes prevented him from conquering the principalities. He participated in the Fifth Crusade to the Holy Land in 1217-1218, but the crusade was a failure.

      When the servientes regis, or "royal servants", rose up, Andrew was forced to issue the Golden Bull of 1222, confirming their privileges. This led to the rise of the nobility in the Kingdom of Hungary. His Diploma Andreanum of 1224 listed the liberties of the Transylvanian Saxon community. The employment of Jews and Muslims to administer the royal revenues led him into conflict with the Holy See and the Hungarian prelates. Andrew pledged to respect the privileges of the clergymen and to dismiss his non-Christian officials in 1233, but he never fulfilled the latter promise.

      Andrew's first wife, Gertrude of Merania, was murdered in 1213, because her blatant favoritism towards her German kinsmen and courtiers stirred up discontent among the native lords. The veneration of their daughter, Elizabeth of Hungary, was confirmed by the Holy See during Andrew's lifetime. After Andrew's death, his sons, Béla and Coloman, accused his third wife, Beatrice d'Este, of adultery and never considered her son, Stephen, to be a legitimate son of Andrew.

      Family
      With Gertrude of Merania (b. ±1185):
      Mary (b. 1203/1204), married Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria
      Bela IV (b. 1206)
      Elisabeth (b. 1207, d. 1231), married Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia
      Coloman (b. ±1210)

      With Yolanda de Courtenay (b. ±1198)
      Yolanda (b. ±1219) married James I of Aragon

      With Beatrice d'Este (23 years old at the time of marriage in 1234)
      Stephen

      Andrew's first wife, Gertrude of Merania, was born around 1185, according to historian Gyula Kristó. Their first child, Mary, was born in 1203 or 1204. She became the wife of Ivan Asen II of Bulgaria. Andrew's eldest son, Béla, was born in 1206. He later succeeded his father as king. Béla's younger sister, Elisabeth, was born in 1207. She married Louis IV, Landgrave of Thuringia. She died in 1231 and was canonized during Andrew's life. Andrew's second son, Coloman, was born in 1208. His third son, Andrew, was born around 1210. Coloman and Andrew each ruled the Principality of Halych for a short period.

      Two years after his first wife was murdered, Andrew married Yolanda de Courtenay, who was born around 1198. Their only child, Yolanda, was born around 1219 and married James I of Aragon. Andrew's third wife, Beatrice D'Este, was about twenty-three when they married in 1234. She gave birth to a son, Stephen, after Andrew's death. However, Andrew's two older sons, Béla and Coloman, accused her of adultery and considered her child to be a bastard. Her grandson, Andrew, became the last monarch of the House of Árpád.
      SOURCE: Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_II_of_Hungary#/media/File:Ondrej2_pecet.jpg

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Bron: Wikipedia


Over de familienaam HUNGARY

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Wilt u bij het overnemen van gegevens uit deze stamboom alstublieft een verwijzing naar de herkomst opnemen:
Patti Lee Salter, "Ancestral Trails 2016", database, Genealogie Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/ancestral-trails-2016/I62466.php : benaderd 20 mei 2024), "ANDREAS II OF HUNGARY (1176-1235)".