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More like a forest than a tree! » Marie Elizabeth Josephine McKEOWN (1869-1948)

Persoonlijke gegevens Marie Elizabeth Josephine McKEOWN 


Gezin van Marie Elizabeth Josephine McKEOWN

Zij is getrouwd met William Henry PITT.

op 18 maart 1893 te Bairnsdale, Victoria, Australia, zij was toen 23 jaar oud.Bron 2


Kind(eren):

  1. Eveline Marie PITT  1896-1965
  2. Ida Mabel PITT  1898-???? 
  3. William PITT  1902-1948 
  4. Child PITT  


Notities over Marie Elizabeth Josephine McKEOWN

PITT, MARIE ELIZABETH JOSEPHINE (1869-1948), journalist and poet, was born on 6 August 1869 at Bulumwaal, Victoria, eldest of seven children of Edward McKeown, Irish goldminer, and his wife Mary Stuart McIver, née Dawson, a widow from Ayrshire, Scotland. They lived in a rough slab house with a bark roof, so poor that Marie's mother said her father's cows had been better housed. About 1872 the family moved to a selection at Doherty's Corner (Wy Yung) on the Mitchell River, east Gippsland.

Marie claimed that she learned most from her natural surroundings but she also had four years formal schooling at Doherty's Corner. At home she learned of Irish music and poetry and heard Burns and the border ballads. The years from 5 to 7 were taken upin herding pigs and weeding crops, at 8 she was planting and hoeing potatoes and aged 11 she graduated to milking cows, feeding the corn-stripper or picking and bagging potatoes, attending school casually because 'her labour was worth more than the fines' imposed for absence. Gaining her standard certificate when 11, Marie tried unsuccessfully to become a teacher as her mother had been. She remained on the new farm at Bruthen working as a labourer while studying as best she could. In 1887 she narrowly failed her competency examination and, sick with neuralgia and incipient anaemia, escaped to Bairnsdale where she worked as a retoucher for a photographer.

On 18 March 1893 in the Wesleyan parsonage, Bairnsdale, Marie married William Henry Pitt, a farmer from Longford, Tasmania, where she lived for a few months before they shifted to the west-coast goldfields. They spent twelve years in mining camps and townships, and had four children, of whom three survived. Although Marie's verses had first appeared in local newspapers when she was 14, she now seriously took up writing, and in 1900 the Bulletin accepted her satiric poem on the South African War, 'Ode to the Fat Man'. In 1902 she won the English Good Words competition for a song of Empire. A strong supporter of the labour movement, she was vice-president of the Workers' Political Association at Mathinna. When William Pitt contracted miners' phthisis they returned to Bairnsdale in 1905 and then to Melbourne where, after working intermittently, Pitt died in 1912.

Marie supported her family by writing for newspapers, clerical work and reading for publishers. She also received a Commonwealth Literary Fund grant from 1910 to 1948. Much of her time was given to the Victorian Socialist Party, which brought her into contact with Louis Esson, Tom Mann, R. S. Ross and the Palmers, and especially Bernard O'Dowd, with whom she lived at Northcote from 1920. She was a regular contributor to the Socialist on such subjects as class war, miners' conditions and contraception. When Ross resigned as editor Marie Pitt and Rev. Frederick Sinclaire became joint editors in 1911, but resigned during factional fighting next year. Her poems appeared in Clarion, the Bulletin and Birth, while for the Socialist she wrote outspoken and controversial verses which, O'Dowd said, 'criticised the press, the Church and the State'.

Tall, slim and dark with deep-set eyes, Marie Pitt is mainly remembered for her lyric and ballad poetry. Much of her descriptive writing, both prose and verse, is closely tied to her harsh experiences in Tasmania. H. M. Green found her verses 'both vigorous and melodious' and some of her ballads to have 'as much rush and fire as most of their kind' although also 'full of overworn romanticisms and tinged with sentimentality'. Her prose is uncollected but much of her verse is published in The Horses of the Hills (1911), Bairnsdale (1922), The Poems of Marie E. J. Pitt (1924) and Selected Poems (1944).

In 1944 her name became known throughout Australia when she won the Australian Broadcasting Commission's national song lyric competition with 'Ave, Australia'. The judges said it had 'movement, passion and poetic imagery which stirred the blood'. It wasset to music by Sir Robert Garran and Sir Ernest MacMillan.

Survived by her children, Marie Pitt died at Kew on 20 May 1948 shortly after a plaque by Wallace Anderson, commemorating her birth, was unveiled at Bairnsdale. Another was hung in the Unitarian Church, Melbourne. She and O'Dowd had held a commitment toUnitarianism from 1929. She was buried in Fawkner cemetery.

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Bronnen

  1. \i Australian Dictionary of Biography\i0., Australian Dictionary of Biography, )
  2. supplied by Jones, 14 July 2008., Vanessa JONES, compiled by Vanessa Jones

Over de familienaam McKEOWN

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  • Bekijk de informatie die Open Archieven heeft over McKEOWN.
  • Bekijk in het Wie (onder)zoekt wie? register wie de familienaam McKEOWN (onder)zoekt.

Historische context


  • De temperatuur op 6 augustus 1869 lag rond de 17,6 °C. Er was 0.7 mm neerslag. De winddruk was 3 kgf/m2 en kwam overheersend uit het noorden. De luchtdruk bedroeg 77 cm kwik. De relatieve luchtvochtigheid was 55%. Bron: KNMI
  • Koning Willem III (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was van 1849 tot 1890 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Koninkrijk der Nederlanden genoemd)
  • Van 4 juni 1868 tot 4 januari 1871 was er in Nederland het kabinet Van Bosse - Fock met als eerste ministers Mr. P.P. van Bosse (liberaal) en Mr. C. Fock (liberaal).
  • In het jaar 1869: Bron: Wikipedia
    • Nederland had zo'n 3,6 miljoen inwoners.
    • 4 maart » Ulysses S. Grant wordt beëdigd als 18e president van de Verenigde Staten
    • 6 maart » Dmitri Mendelejev presenteert het periodiek systeem.
    • 15 juni » John Wesley Hyatt Jr. en zijn broer Isaiah vinden celluloid uit
    • 17 november » In Egypte wordt het Suezkanaal geopend.
    • 10 december » Vrouwenkiesrecht ingevoerd in Wyoming.
    • 28 december » William Semple verkrijgt octrooi op kauwgom.

  • De temperatuur op 20 mei 1948 lag tussen 8,0 °C en 18,3 °C en was gemiddeld 13,7 °C. Er was 5,1 uur zonneschijn (32%). De gemiddelde windsnelheid was 3 Bft (matige wind) en kwam overheersend uit het noorden. Bron: KNMI
  • Koningin Wilhelmina (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was van 1890 tot 4 september 1948 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Koninkrijk der Nederlanden genoemd)
  • Koningin Juliana (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was van 4 september 1948 tot 30 april 1980 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Koninkrijk der Nederlanden genoemd)
  • Van 3 juli 1946 tot 7 augustus 1948 was er in Nederland het kabinet Beel I met als eerste minister Dr. L.J.M. Beel (KVP).
  • Van 7 augustus 1948 tot 15 maart 1951 was er in Nederland het kabinet Drees - Van Schaik met als eerste ministers Dr. W. Drees (PvdA) en Mr. J.R.H. van Schaik (KVP).
  • In het jaar 1948: Bron: Wikipedia
    • Nederland had zo'n 9,7 miljoen inwoners.
    • 3 april » De Amerikaanse president Harry S. Truman tekent het Marshallplan.
    • 26 juli » Het Luxemburgs voetbalelftal behaalt de grootste overwinning uit zijn geschiedenis door Afghanistan bij de Olympische Spelen met 6-0 te verslaan.
    • 17 september » Moord op Graaf Bernadotte in Jeruzalem.
    • 4 november » T.S. Eliot wint de Nobelprijs voor de Literatuur.
    • 13 november » Leigh Mercer publiceert zijn palindroom "A man, a plan, a canal: Panama!".
    • 25 november » Uitvinding van de kabeltelevisie, door Ed Parsons.

  • De temperatuur op 21 mei 1948 lag tussen 6,1 °C en 16,8 °C en was gemiddeld 12,0 °C. Er was 12,0 uur zonneschijn (75%). De gemiddelde windsnelheid was 4 Bft (matige wind) en kwam overheersend uit het noord-oosten. Bron: KNMI
  • Koningin Wilhelmina (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was van 1890 tot 4 september 1948 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Koninkrijk der Nederlanden genoemd)
  • Koningin Juliana (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was van 4 september 1948 tot 30 april 1980 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Koninkrijk der Nederlanden genoemd)
  • Van 3 juli 1946 tot 7 augustus 1948 was er in Nederland het kabinet Beel I met als eerste minister Dr. L.J.M. Beel (KVP).
  • Van 7 augustus 1948 tot 15 maart 1951 was er in Nederland het kabinet Drees - Van Schaik met als eerste ministers Dr. W. Drees (PvdA) en Mr. J.R.H. van Schaik (KVP).
  • In het jaar 1948: Bron: Wikipedia
    • Nederland had zo'n 9,7 miljoen inwoners.
    • 18 februari » Éamon de Valera treedt af als Taoiseach van Ierland.
    • 10 maart » Jan Masaryk, de partijloze minister van Buitenlandse Zaken van Tsjecho-Slowakije wordt dood aangetroffen op de binnenplaats van het ministerie van buitenlandse zaken te Praag, hij is waarschijnlijk uit het raam van zijn kantoor in het ministerie geduwd.
    • 14 mei » Oprichting van Roemeense voetbalclub Dinamo Boekarest.
    • 6 september » Koningin Juliana wordt ingehuldigd in de Nieuwe Kerk Amsterdam.
    • 24 oktober » Encycliek In Multiplicibus Curis van paus Pius XII met een oproep tot gebed voor vrede in Palestina.
    • 9 december » Het Genocideverdrag wordt ondertekend.


Bron: Wikipedia


Bron: Wikipedia




    

Wilt u bij het overnemen van gegevens uit deze stamboom alstublieft een verwijzing naar de herkomst opnemen:
Karen M Hughes, "More like a forest than a tree!", database, Genealogie Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/karens-family-tree/I65554.php : benaderd 15 juni 2021), "Marie Elizabeth Josephine McKEOWN (1869-1948)".