Family Tree Welborn » P√©pin III the Short (of the Franks) King of the Franks (± 715-± 768)

Données personnelles P√©pin III the Short (of the Franks) King of the Franks 


Ancêtres (et descendants) de P√©pin III the Short (of the Franks)


Famille de Pépin III the Short (of the Franks) King of the Franks

Il est marié avec Bertrada (Bertha) Broadfoot of Laon.

.


Enfant(s):

  1. Charlemagne Carolus 'Magnus' France  742-814 


Notes par Pépin III the Short (of the Franks) King of the Franks



Pépin III, King of the Franks
Pépin
Dutch: Peppin, German: Pippin, Russian: œ∫œæ–Äœæœªâ€“å –Ñ–Äœ∞œΩœ∫œæϲ œüœ∏œøϸϽ
Gender:
Male
Birth:
circa 715
Jupille-sur-Meuse, Liège, Liege, Walloon Region, Belgium
Death:
September 24, 768 (48-57)
Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Place of Burial:
Basilique Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:
Son of Charles Martel and Rotrude

Husband of Bertha Broadfoot of Laon, Queen of the Franks

Father of Charlemagne; Carloman I, King of the Franks; Gisele, Abbess of Chelles; Pepin; Chrothais; Adelais; NN mother of Chunibert daughter of Pepin and NN mother of Sintpert daughter of Pepin

Brother of Carloman, King of the Franks and Hiltrud I d'Austrasie, Duchess of Bavaria

Half brother of Bernard, count & Abbot of St. Quentin; Remigius Archbishop des Rouen; Hieronymus / Jerónimo / J√©rome, comte-Abb√© de Saint-Quentin; Grifo and N.N. d'Austrasie

https://www.geni.com/people/Pépin-III-King-of-the-Franks/5475363828490111452


Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 34th great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Henry Marvin Welborn
your father ·Üí Henry Marvin Welborn, Sr.
his father ·Üí Francis "Fannie" Pernerviane Welborn (Davis)
his mother ·Üí Primma M. Pridgen
her mother ·Üí Sarah Autra Pridgen (Pitchlynn)
her mother ·Üí Major John Pitchlynn, Sr.
her father ·Üí Jemima Sally Pitchlynn (Hickman)
his mother ·Üí Marie Hickman (Hornbeck)
her mother ·Üí Janneke aka Jane Hornbeck (Kortright)
her mother ·Üí Sarah Kortright (Ten Eyck)
her mother ·Üí Jannetje Aldertse Roosa
her mother ·Üí Captain Aeldert Hymansz Roosa
her father ·Üí Heijmen Guijsbert Roosa
his father ·Üí Gijsbert Goertzen Roosa
his father ·Üí Jutta van Heukelom, gezegd van Rosendael
his mother ·Üí Otto Ottensz van Heukelom
her father ·Üí Otto van Heukelom
his father ·Üí Otto Ottensz van Heukelom
his father ·Üí Aleid d'Avesnes
his mother ·Üí Guido (Gwijde Gui) d'Avesnes, bishop of Utrecht
her father ·Üí Jean I d'Avesnes, count of Hainault
his father ·Üí Bouchard IV, seigneur d'Avesnes
his father ·Üí Jacques d'Oisy d'Avesnes, Crusader Knight
his father ·Üí Mathilde de Namur, comtesse de La Roche en Ardennes
his mother ·Üí Henri I de Namur, comte de La Roche
her father ·Üí Albert III de Namur, Count of Namur
his father ·Üí Albert II, Comte de Namur
his father ·Üí Ermengarde
his mother ·Üí Charles de France, duc de Basse-Lotharingie
her father ·Üí Louis IV, king of West Francia
his father ·Üí Charles III the Simple, king of the Franks
his father ·Üí Louis II the Stammerer, king of the West Franks
his father ·Üí Charles II "the Bald", Western Emperor
his father ·Üí Louis I, The Pious
his father ·Üí Charlemagne
his father ᆒ Pépin III, King of the Franks
his father

Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 33rd great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Henry Marvin Welborn
your father ·Üí Emma Corine Bombard
his mother ·Üí Emma Elizabeth Bombard
her mother ·Üí Isabelle Bynum
her mother ·Üí Robert W Bynum
her father ·Üí Elizabeth Bynum
his mother ·Üí Lydia Mitchell
her mother ·Üí Jonathan Wheeler, I
her father ·Üí Martha Wheeler (Salisbury)
his mother ·Üí William Salisbury
her father ·Üí William Salisbury, of Denbigh & Swansea
his father ·Üí John Salisbury, of Denbigh
his father ·Üí Lady Ursula Salusbury
his mother ·Üí Jane Halsall, of Knowsley
her mother ·Üí Jane Osbaldeston
her mother ·Üí Elizabeth Beaumont
her mother ·Üí unknown Harington, heiress of Hornby
her mother ·Üí Robert de Neville, of Hornby
her father ·Üí Geoffrey de Neville, II
his father ·Üí Geoffrey FitzRobert de Neville, Baron of Raby
his father ·Üí Robert FitzMaldred, Lord of Raby
his father ·Üí Joan de Stuteville
his mother ·Üí John de Stuteville, of Long Lawford
her father ·Üí Erneburge Fitzbaldric
his mother ·Üí Hugh Fitz Baldric, Saxon Thane of Cowsby
her father ·Üí Eilika of Schweinfurt
his mother ·Üí Gerberga of Gleiberg
her mother ·Üí Herbert, count of Kinziggau
her father ᆒ Cunégonde de Vermandois
his mother ᆒ Héribert I, count of Vermandois
her father ᆒ Pépin II, lord of Péronne
his father ·Üí Bernard, King of Lombardy
his father ᆒ "Pépin" Carloman, King of Italy
his father ·Üí Charlemagne
his father ᆒ Pépin III, King of the Franks
his father

Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 35th great grandfather.
You¬â€ 
¬â€ ¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry "Toad" Welborn¬â€ 
your father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry Marvin Welborn, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Calhoun H. Welborn¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Sarah Elizabeth Welborn¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·ÜíBenjamin Franklin Dykes¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ William Dykes, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ George Dykes, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward George Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·ÜíThomas Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Thomas Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Leonard Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Isabelle Dykes¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Mary Pennington¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíMary Hudleston¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Sir Henry Fenwick¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Margaret de Percy¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Margaret de Neville, Baroness de Ros¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíRalph de Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville de Raby¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Mary de Neville¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Anastasia FitzRanulf¬â€ 
her mother·Üí¬â€ William de Percy, Baron of Topcliffe¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry de Percy, VI¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Jocelin of Lorraine, 4th Baron de Percy¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·ÜíGodfroi comte de Louvain¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Graaf Henry II Dit Le Ceintur√© de Louvain, Count of Louvain¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Ada de Lorraine¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Urraca d'Ivrea¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíBerengar II, king of Italy¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Gisla del Friuli¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Berengario I, re d'Italia¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Gis√©le of Cysoing¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Louis I, The Pious¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·ÜíCharlemagne¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ P√©pin III, King of the Franks¬â€ 
his father

Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 35th great grandfather.
You¬â€ 
¬â€ ¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry "Toad" Welborn¬â€ 
your father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry Marvin Welborn, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Calhoun H. Welborn¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Sarah Elizabeth Welborn¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·ÜíBenjamin Franklin Dykes¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ William Dykes, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ George Dykes, Sr.¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward George Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·ÜíThomas Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Edward Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Thomas Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Leonard Dykes¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Isabelle Dykes¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Mary Pennington¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíMary Hudleston¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Sir Henry Fenwick¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Margaret de Percy¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Margaret de Neville, Baroness de Ros¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíRalph de Neville, 2nd Baron Neville de Raby¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Ralph Neville 1st Baron Neville de Raby¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Mary de Neville¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Anastasia FitzRanulf¬â€ 
her mother·Üí¬â€ William de Percy, Baron of Topcliffe¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Henry de Percy, VI¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Jocelin of Lorraine, 4th Baron de Percy¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·ÜíGodfroi comte de Louvain¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Graaf Henry II Dit Le Ceintur√© de Louvain, Count of Louvain¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Ada de Lorraine¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Urraca d'Ivrea¬â€ 
her mother¬â€ ·ÜíBerengar II, king of Italy¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Gisla del Friuli¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Berengario I, re d'Italia¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Gis√©le of Cysoing¬â€ 
his mother¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ Louis I, The Pious¬â€ 
her father¬â€ ·ÜíCharlemagne¬â€ 
his father¬â€ ·Üí¬â€ P√©pin III, King of the Franks¬â€ 
his father

https://www.geni.com/people/P%C3%A9pin-III-King-of-the-Franks/5475363828490111452

P√©pin œöœ∞–Ĝ未œ∏œΩœ≥ MP
Dutch: Peppin œöœ∞–Ĝ未œ∏œΩœ≥, Russian: œüœ∏œøϸϽ œöœæ–Äœæ–ÇϺϸϹ œöœ∞–Ĝ未œ∏œΩœ≥
Gender:
Male
Birth:
714
Jupille-sur-Meuse, Liège, Liege, Walloon Region, Belgium
Death:
September 24, 768 (54)
Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Place of Burial:
Basilique Saint-Denis, Saint-Denis, Seine-Saint-Denis, Île-de-France, France
Immediate Family:
Son of Charles Martel and Rotrude
Husband of Bertha Broadfoot of Laon, Queen of the Franks
Father of Charlemagne; Carloman I, King of the Franks; Gisele, Abbess of Chelles; Pepin; Chrothais; Adelais; NN mother of Chunibert daughter of Pepin and NN mother of Sintpert daughter of Pepin ¬´ less
Brother of Carloman, King of the Franks; Hiltrud d'Austrasie, Duchess of Bavaria and Landrade of Austrasia
Half brother of Bernard, duc de Saint Quentin; Remigius Archbishop des Rouen; Jérôme, comte-Abbé de Saint-Quentin; Grundrarda Martel; Grifo; and N.N. d'Austrasie « less

https://www.geni.com/people/Pépin-III-King-of-the-Franks/5475363828490111452

Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 34th great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Geneva Allene Welborn
your mother ·Üí Henry Loyd Smith, Sr.
her father ·Üí Edith Lucinda Smith
his mother ·Üí William M LEE, Will
her father ·Üí Britton Lee
his father ·Üí William Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Lemuel Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Edward Lee, Sr.
his father ·Üí Mary Lee
his mother ·Üí William Bryan, I
her father ·Üí John Smith Bryan
his father ·Üí William Bryan
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan, II, Justicar of Ireland
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan I "The Vicar of Hell", Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
his father ·Üí Margaret Bryan, Lady Bryan
his mother ·Üí Humphrey Bourchier, Sir
her father ·Üí John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners
his father ·Üí Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford
his mother ·Üí Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester
her father ·Üí Philippa of Hainault, Queen consort of England
his mother ·Üí William III, count of Holland
her father ·Üí Phillipa, countess of Luxembourg
his mother ·Üí Henry de Luxembourg, V
her father ·Üí Ermesinde de Namur, countess of Luxembourg
his mother ·Üí Henri de Namur, comte de Luxembourg
her father ·Üí Godefroid, comte de Namur
his father ·Üí Albert III, comte de Namur
his father ·Üí Regilinde of Lorraine
his mother ·Üí Urraca d'Ivrea
her mother ·Üí Berengar II, king of Italy
her father ·Üí Gisla del Friuli
his mother ·Üí Berengario I, re d'Italia
her father ·Üí Gisela of Cysoing, daughter of Louis and Judith
his mother ·Üí Louis I, The Pious
her father ·Üí Charlemagne
his father ᆒ Pépin III, King of the Franks
his father

Pépin III, King of the Franks is your 38th great grandfather.
You ¬â€  ·Üí Geneva Allene Welborn
your mother ·Üí Henry Loyd Smith, Sr.
her father ·Üí Edith Lucinda Smith
his mother ·Üí William M LEE, Will
her father ·Üí Britton Lee
his father ·Üí William Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Lemuel Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Edward Lee, Sr.
his father ·Üí Mary Lee
his mother ·Üí William Bryan, I
her father ·Üí John Smith Bryan
his father ·Üí William Bryan
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan, II, Justicar of Ireland
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan I "The Vicar of Hell", Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
his father ·Üí Margaret Bryan, Lady Bryan
his mother ·Üí Humphrey Bourchier, Sir
her father ·Üí John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners
his father ·Üí Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford
his mother ·Üí Lady Eleanor de Bohun
her mother ·Üí Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford
her mother ·Üí Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel and Warenne
her mother ·Üí Henry of Lancaster
her father ·Üí Edmund Crouchback, 1st Earl of Leicester and Lancaster
his father ·Üí Henry III of England
his father ·Üí Isabelle of Angoulême, Queen Consort of England
his mother ·Üí Alice "Alix" de Courtenay
her mother ·Üí Pierre I de France, seigneur de Courtenay
her father ·Üí Louis VI the Fat, king of France
his father ·Üí Philip I, king of France
his father ·Üí Henry I, King of France
his father ·Üí Robert II the Pious, King of the Franks
his father ·Üí Hugues Capet, roi des Francs
his father ·Üí Hedwige of Saxony
his mother ·Üí Henry I "The Fowler", king of Germany
her father ·Üí Otto I the Illustrious, duke of Saxony
his father ·Üí Oda of Billung
his mother ·Üí Adelaid or Athalia
her mother ᆒ "Pépin" Carloman, King of Italy
her father ·Üí Charlemagne
his father ᆒ Pépin III, King of the Franks
his father


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pepin_the_Short
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/sugar.html

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#PepinleBrefFranksB

http://www.red1st.com/tng603/getperson.php?personID=I1748534526&tre...

http://www.rpi.edu/~holmes/Hobbies/Genealogy/ps03/ps03_449.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pepin_the_Short

Pepin or Pippin (714 ·Äì 24 September 768), called the Short, and often known as Pepin the Younger or Pepin III,[1] was the Mayor of the Palace and Duke of the Franks from 741 and King of the Franks from 751 to 768. He was the father of Charlemagne.
He was the son of Charles Martel, mayor of the palace and duke of the Franks, and of Rotrude of Trier (690·Äì724).
Assumption of power
Pepin's father, Charles Martel, died in 741. He divided the rule of the Frankish kingdom between Pepin and his elder brother, Carloman, his surviving sons by his first wife: Carloman became Mayor of the Palace of Austrasia, Pepin became Mayor of the Palace of Neustria.
Grifo, Charles's son by his second wife, Swanahild (also known as Swanhilde), demanded a share in the inheritance, but he was imprisoned in a monastery by his two half-brothers.
As in the Frankish realm the unity of the kingdom was essentially connected with the person of the king, Carloman, to secure this unity raised the Merovingian Childeric to the throne (743). In 747 he resolved to enter a monastery. This left Francia in the hands of Pepin as sole mayor of the palace and dux et princeps Francorum, a title originated by his grandfather and namesake Pepin of Heristal.
At the time of Carloman's retirement, Grifo escaped his imprisonment and fled to Duke Odilo of Bavaria, who was married to Hiltrude, Pepin's sister. Pepin put down the renewed revolt led by his half-brother and succeeded in completely restoring the boundaries of the kingdom.
Under the reorganization of Francia by Charles Martel the dux et princeps Francorum were the commanders of the armies of the kingdom, in addition to their administrative duties as mayor of the palace, and specifically commander of the standing guard which Charles Martel had begun maintaining year-round since Toulouse in 721.
First Carolingian king
Pepin was subject to the decisions of Childric who had only the title of King but no power. Childric was considered a joke by the people. Since Pepin had control over the magnates and actually had the power of the king, he now addressed to Pope Zachary the suggestive question: In regard to the kings of the Franks who no longer possess the royal power, is this state of things proper?
Hard pressed by the Lombards, Pope Zacharias welcomed this advance of the Franks which aimed at ending an intolerable condition of things, and at laying the constitutional foundations for the exercise of the royal power. The pope replied that such a state of things was not proper. The de facto power is more important than the de jure power.
After this decision the throne was declared vacant. The crown was given him not by the Pope but by the Franks. According to the ancient custom Pepin was then elected King of the Franks by an assembly of Frankish leading-men, with a large portion of his army on hand (in the event that the nobility inclined not to honor the Papal bull), and anointed at Soissons, by Boniface, Archbishop of Mainz, who, along with his niece, Saint Leoba, was a court advisor.
Meanwhile, Grifo continued his rebellion, but was eventually killed in the battle of Saint-Jean de Maurienne in 753. Childeric III was deposed, his hair shaved off and he was confined to a monastery. He was the last of the Merovingians.
Expansion of the Frankish realm
Pepin added to his power after Pope Stephen II traveled all the way to Paris to anoint him in a lavish ceremony at Saint Denis Basilica, bestowing upon him the additional title of patricius Romanorum (Patrician of the Romans). As life expectancies were short in those days, and Pepin wanted family continuity, the Pope also anointed Pepin's sons, Charles (eventually known as Charlemagne) and Carloman.
Pepin the Short's first major act was to go to war against the Lombard king Aistulf, who had a policy of expansion into the ducatus Romanum, as a partial repayment for papal support in his quest for the crown. Victorious, he forced the Lombard king to return property seized from the Church and confirmed the papacy in possession of Ravenna and the Pentapolis, the so-called Donation of Pepin whereby the Papal States was founded.[2]
In 759, he drove the Saracens out of Gaul with the capture of Narbonne and then consolidated his power further by integrating Aquitaine into the kingdom. In taking Narbonne, and formally annexing Aquitaine (whose status was always dependent on the strength of her suzerains), he completed the work of his father save for one last task: fully subduing the Saxons. He was preparing for war against them when his health began to fail, and thus, this final task was left for his son, the great Charlemagne.
Legacy
Pepin died during a campaign and was brought to Saint Denis to be buried near the saint in 768 and is interred there in the basilica with his wife Bertrada. Pepin was buried "outside that entrance [of Saint Denis Basilica] according to his wishes, face down, for the sins of his father Charles Martel".[3]
The Frankish realm was fractioned according to salic law between his two sons: Charlemagne and Carloman I.
Historical opinion often seems to regard him as the lesser son and lesser father of two greater men, though a great man in his own right. He continued to build up the heavy cavalry which his father had begun. He maintained the standing army that his father had found necessary to protect the realm and form the core of its full army in wartime.
He not only maintained his father's policy of containing the Moors, he drove them over and across the Pyrenees with the capture of Narbonne. He continued his father's expansion of the Frankish church (missionary work in Germany and Scandinavia) and the infrastructure (feudalism) that would prove the backbone of medieval Europe.
His rule, while not as great as either his father's or son's, was historically important and of great benefit to the Franks as a people. It can certainly be argued that Pepin's assumption of the crown, and the title of Patrician of Rome, were harbingers of his son's imperial coronation which is usually seen as the founding of the Holy Roman Empire. He certainly made the Carolingians de jure what his father had made them de facto·Äîthe ruling dynasty of the Franks and the foremost power of Europe. While not known as a great general, he was undefeated during his lifetime.
Family
[4].
In 741, Pepin married Bertrada of Laon. Her father, Charibert, was the son of Pepin II's brother, Martin of Laon. They are known to have had eight children, at least three of whom survived to adulthood:
Charles (2 April 742 ·Äì 28 January 814), (Charles the Great)
Carloman (751 ·Äì 4 December 771)
Gisela (757·Äì810)
Pepin, died in infancy.
Chrothais, died young, buried Metz.
Adelais, died young, buried Metz.
and
Two unnamed daughters[5]
Pepin the Younger
Reign: 751·Äì768
Born 714, probably - Jupille-sur-Meuse (now part of Liege)
Died 24 September 768 (aged 54)
Predecessor Childeric III
Successor Charlemagne and Carloman I, joint rulers
Dynasty Carolingian
Father Charles Martel
Mother Rotrude of Trier
Notes
1.^ Pepin's name can be very confusing. Historically, historians have vacillated between preference for Pepin, derived from the French Pépin, and the German Pippin. His nickname is also subject to whims, le Bref being translated as either "the Short" or "the Younger". The Younger is explained as referring to the fact that he was the younger of the two Arnulfing Pepins who ruled as mayors of the palace; the Short as deriving from the tales of Notker Balbalus regarding the King's diminutive size. More novel suggestions include a suggestion that "the Short" referred to his hairနsince he was the first Frankish king to wear his hair shorn short. Dutton, PE, Charlemagne's Mustache.
2.^ Charles Knight, The English Cyclopaedia: Volume IV, (London : 1867); pg 733 "We have no circumstantial account of this important event, except that Pepin was anointed at Soissons, in March 752, by Boniface, bishop of Mainz, called the Apostle of Germany, before the assembly of the nation."
3.^ Claudio Rendina & Paul McCusker, The Popes: Histories and Secrets, (New York : 2002), pg 145
4.^ "Pepin the Short". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
5.^ http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/sugar.html
6.^ Treffer Gerd Die französischen Königinnen. Von Bertrada bis Marie Antoinette (8.-18. Jahrhundert) Pustet, Regensburg (1996) pp. 23-29 ISBN 3791715305 ISBN 978-3791715308
7.^ Medieval Lands - Franks, Carolingian Kings Retrieved on 8 November 2008
----------------------------
From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Carolingians:
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/CAROLINGIANS.htm#PepinleBrefFranksB
PEPIN, son of CHARLES "Martel" & his first wife Chrothrudis (715-Saint-Denis 24 Sep 768, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis). Einhard names "Karlomannumဦet Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death[1].
He succeeded his father as maior domus jointly with his brother Carloman. They deprived their half-brother Grifo of his inheritance and defeated him after he rebelled against them.
In the division of territories agreed with his brother Carloman, Pepin governed Neustria, Burgundy, Provence, Metz and Trier. The brothers were faced with revolts in Frisia, Bavaria, Alemannia and Aquitaine. As a symbolic assertion of their authority, they nominated Childeric III as Merovingian king in 743. In 745, Pepin appropriated the province of Alemannia for himself.
He deposed King Childeric III at Soissons in Nov 751, with approval from Pope Zacharius[2], and succeeded as PEPIN ·Äúle Bref·Äù King of the Franks.
He was anointed king at Saint-Denis 28 Jul 754 by Pope Stephen III [II], who had come to France to seek Pepin's help against the Lombards[3].
During his expedition to Italy the following year, Pepin obliged the Lombards to accept the independence of Rome, marking the beginning of the Papal State. He captured Narbonne from the Muslim invaders in [759], and finally conquered Aquitaine after the death of Duke Waifar in 768.
The necrology of Prüm records the death "768 VIII Kal Oct" of "Pippinus vir illuster"[4]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Pipinus rex"[5]. The Annales Metenses record the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Pippinus" and his burial "in basilica beati Dionysii"[6]. His burial place is confirmed by the Annales Laurissenses which record that the body of "domna Berta regina" was transferred to "ecclesia sancti Dionysii martiris" next to her husband[7].
m ([743/44]) BERTRADA [Berta] "au Grand Pied", daughter of CHARIBERT Comte de Laon & his wife --- ([720]-Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne 12 Jul 783[8], bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis). The Annales Laurissenses record the marriage in 749 of "Bertradem cognomine Bertam, Cariberti Laudunensis comitis filiam" and "Pippinus"[9]. "Pippinus rex Francorum" donated property to found Kloster Prüm by charter dated 13 Aug 762 which names "coniux mea Bertradaဦgenitor suus Heribertus"[10]. Pepin planned to divorce his wife, but was convinced otherwise by Pope Paul I in 762. After the death of her husband, she assumed a prominent role in government. She tried unsuccessfully to reconcile her two sons, meeting with Carloman at Seltz and also travelling to Italy in 770[11]. The Annales Fuldenses record that "Berhta regina" brought "filiam Desiderii regis Langobardorum" back from Italy as the wife for "Karolo filio suo"[12]. The Annales Laurissenses record the death "783 IV Id Jul" of "domna Berta regina", her burial "in Cauciaco", and the subsequent transfer of her body to "ecclesia sancti Dionysii martiris" next to her husband[13]. The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "IV Id Jul" of "Bertrada regina"[14].

Mayor of the Palace and Duke of the Franks from 741 and King of the Franks from 751 to 768.

Unattributed biography: Pepin the Short
Mayor of the Palace of the whole Frankish kingdom (both Austrasia and Neustria), and later King of the Franks; born 714; died at St. Denis, 24 September, 768.
He was the son of Charles Martel. Pepin and his older brother Carloman were taught by the monks of St. Denis, and the impressions received during their monastic education had a controlling influence upon the relations of both princes to the Church.
When the father died in 741 the two brothers began to reign jointly but not without strong opposition, for Griffon, the son of Charles Martel and the Bavarian Sonnichilde, demanded a share in the government. Moreover, the Duke of the Aquitanians and the Duke of the Alamannians thought this a favourable opportunity to throw off the Frankish supremacy.
The young kings were repeatedly involved in war, but all their opponents, including the Bavarians and Saxons, were defeated and the unity of the kingdom re-established.
As early as 741 Carloman had entered upon his epoch-making relations with St. Boniface, to whom was now opened a new field of labour, the reformation of the Frankish Church. On 21 April, 742, Boniface was present at a Frankish synod presided over by Carloman at which important reforms were decreed.
As in the Frankish realm the unity of the kingdom was essentially connected with the person of the king, Carloman to secure this unity raised the Merovingian Childeric to the throne (743). In 747 he resolved to enter a monastery. The danger, which up to this time had threatened the unity of the kingdom from the division of power between the two brothers, was removed, and at the same time the way was prepared for the deposing of the last Merovingian and for the crowning of Pepin.
Pepin put down the renewed revolt led by his step-brother Griffon, and succeeded in completely restoring the boundaries of the kingdom. Pepin now addressed to the Pope the suggestive question: In regard to the kings o the Franks who no longer possess the royal power, is this state of things proper?
Hard pressed by the Lombards, Pope Zacharias welcomed this advance of the Franks which aimed at ending an intolerable condition of things, and at laying the constitutional foundations for the exercise of the royal power. The pope replied that such a state of things was not proper. After this decision the place Pepin desired to occupy was declared vacant.
The crown was given him not by the pope but by the Franks. According to the ancient custom Pepin was then elected king and soon after this was anointed by Boniface. This consecration of the new kingdom by the head of the Church was intended to remove any doubt as to its legitimacy. On the contrary, the consciousness of having saved the Christian world from the Saracens produced, among the Franks, the feeling that their kingdom owed its authority directly to God. Still this external cooperation of the pope in the transfer of the kingdom to the Carolingians would necessarily enhance the importance of the Church.
The relations between the two controlling powers of Christendom now rapidly developed. It was soon evident to what extent the alliance between Church and State was to check the decline of ecclesiastical and civil life; it made possible the conversion of the still heathen German tribes, and when that was accomplished provided an opportunity for both Church and State to recruit strength and to grow.
Ecclesiastical, political, and economic developments had made the popes lords of the ducatus Romanus. They laid before Pepin their claims to the central provinces of Italy, which had belonged to them before Liutprand's conquest.
When Stephen II had a conference with King Pepin at Ponthion in January, 754, the pope implored his assistance against his oppressor the Lombard King Aistulf, and begged for the same protection for the prerogatives of St. Peter which the Byzantine exarchs had extended to them, to which the king agreed, and in the charter establishing the States of the Church, soon after given at Quiercy, he promised to restore these prerogatives. The Frankish king received the title of the former representative of the Byzantine Empire in Italy, i.e. "Patricius", and was also assigned the duty of protecting the privileges of the Holy See.
When Stephen II performed the ceremony of anointing Pepin and his son at St. Denis, it was St. Peter who was regarded as the mystical giver of the secular power, but the emphasis thus laid upon the religious character of political law left vague the legal relations between pope and king. After the acknowledgment of his territorial claims the Pope was in reality a ruling sovereign, but he had placed himself under the protection of the Frankish ruler and had sworn that he and his people would be true to the king. Thus his sovereignty was limited from the very start as regards what was external to his domain.
The connection between Rome and the Frankish kingdom involved Pepin during the years 754-56 in war with the Lombard King Aistulf, who was forced to return to the Church the territory he had illegally held.
Pepin's commanding position in the world of his time was permanently secured when he took Septimania from the Arabs. Another particularly important act was his renewed overthrow of the rebellion in Aquitaine which was once more made a part of the kingdom.
He was not so fortunate in his campaigns against the Saxons and Bavarians. He could do no more than repeatedly attempt to protect the boundaries of the kingdom against the incessantly restless Saxons. Bavaria remained an entirely independent State and advanced in civilization under Duke Tassilo.
Pepin's activity in war was accompanied by a widely extended activity in the internal affairs of the Frankish kingdom, his main object being the reform of legislation and internal affairs, especially of ecclesiastical conditions. He continued the ecclesiastical reforms commenced by St. Boniface. In doing this Pepin demanded an unlimited authority over the Church. He himself wished to be the leader of the reforms. However, although St. Boniface changed nothing by his reformatory labours in the ecclesiastico-political relations that had developed in the Frankish kingdom upon the basis of the Germanic conception of the State, nevertheless he had placed the purified and united Frankish Church more definitely under the control of the papal see than had hitherto been the case. From the time of St. Boniface the Church was more generally acknowledged by the Franks to be the mystical power appointed by God.
When he deposed the last of the Merovingians Pepin was also obliged to acknowledge the increased authority of the Church by calling upon it for moral support. Consequently the ecclesiastical supremacy of the Frankish king over the Church of his country remained externally undiminished. Nevertheless by his life-work Pepin had powerfully aided the authority of the Church and with it the conception of ecclesiastical unity.
He was buried at St. Denis where he died. He preserved the empire created by Clovis from the destruction that menaced it; he was able to overcome the great danger arising from social conditions that threatened the Frankish kingdom, by opposing to the unruly lay nobility the ecclesiastical aristocracy that had been strengthened by the general reform.
When he died the means had been created by which his greater son could solve the problems of the empire. Pepin's policy marked out the tasks to which Charlemagne devoted himself: quieting the Saxons, the subjection of the duchies and lastly, the regulation of the ecclesiastical question and with it that of Italy.

Summary of Pepin III , "the Short"
Name:
Pepin III , "the Short"
Gender:
Male
Father:
Charles "The Hammer" Martel
Mother:
Hrotrude
Facts and Events
Death
9-24-768, St. Denis, Paris, Seine, France.
Birth
714, Austrasia, France.
Marriages
Bertrada "Broadfoot" Laon, Queen of Franks

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