Aarlanderveen is a town in the Dutch province of South Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Alphen aan den Rijn, and lies about 4 km east of Alphen aan den Rijn. The statistical area "Aarlanderveen", which also can include the surrounding countryside, has a population of around 500. Aarlanderveen was a separate municipality until 1918, when it became part of Alphen aan den Rijn. The area around the village is a natural landscape that is rich in grassland birds like plovers, godwits and redshanks. There are also many flower rich banks including spearwort, water and field mint, ragged robin and marsh thistle.