Stamboom Kempin Finken » Pepijn III van Martel (714-768)

Persoonlijke gegevens Pepijn III van Martel 

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Voorouders (en nakomelingen) van Pepijn III van Martel

Rotrude Nn

Pepijn III van Martel

Gezin van Pepijn III van Martel

Hij is getrouwd met Bertrada van Laon.



  1. Irmgard van Martel  ± 742-????
  2. Karel der Karolingen  748-814 
  3. Redburga van Martel  ± 766-???? 
  4. Karloman I van Martel  ????-771 

Notities over Pepijn III van Martel

PEPIN, son of CHARLES "Martel" & his first wife Chrothrudis ([715]-Saint-Denis 24 Sep 768, bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis). Einhard names "Karlomannum…et Pippinum atque Grifonem" as the three sons of "Karlus maior domus" when recording the latter's death[1]. He succeeded his father as maior domus jointly with his brother Carloman. They deprived their half-brother Grifo of his inheritance and defeated him after he rebelled against them. In the division of territories agreed with his brother Carloman, Pépin governed Neustria, Burgundy, Provence, Metz and Trier. The brothers were faced with revolts in Frisia, Bavaria, Alemannia and Aquitaine. As a symbolic assertion of their authority, they nominated Childeric III as Merovingian king in 743. In 745, Pépin appropriated the province of Alemannia for himself. The Royal Frankish Annals record that Pepin deposed King Childeric III at Soissons in Nov 751, with approval from Pope Zacharius[2], and succeeded as PEPIN “le Bref” King of the Franks. He was anointed king at Saint-Denis 28 Jul 754 by Pope Stephen III [II], who had come to France to seek Pépin's help against the Lombards[3]. During his expedition to Italy the following year, Pépin obliged the Lombards to accept the independence of Rome, marking the beginning of the Papal State. He recaptured Narbonne from the Muslim invaders in [759], and finally conquered Aquitaine after the death of Duke Waifar in 768. The necrology of Prüm records the death "768 VIII Kal Oct" of "Pippinus vir illuster"[4]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Pipinus rex"[5]. The necrology of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death 768 “VIII Kal Oct” of “Pippini regis”[6]. The Annales Metenses record the death "VIII Kal Oct" of "Pippinus" and his burial "in basilica beati Dionysii"[7]. His burial place is confirmed by the Annales Laurissenses which record that the body of "domna Berta regina" was transferred to "ecclesia sancti Dionysii martiris" next to her husband[8].

m ([743/44]) BERTRADA [Berta] "au Grand Pied", daughter of CHARIBERT Comte de Laon & his wife --- ([720]-Choisy-au-Bac, near Compiègne 12 Jul 783[9], bur église de l'abbaye royale de Saint Denis). The Annales Laurissenses record the marriage in 749 of "Bertradem cognomine Bertam, Cariberti Laudunensis comitis filiam" and "Pippinus"[10]. "Pippinus rex Francorum" donated property to found Kloster Prüm by charter dated 13 Aug 762 which names "coniux mea Bertrada…genitor suus Heribertus"[11]. Pépin planned to divorce his wife, but was convinced otherwise by Pope Paul I in 762. After the death of her husband, she assumed a prominent role in government. She tried unsuccessfully to reconcile her two sons, meeting with Carloman at Seltz and also travelling to Italy in 770[12]. The Annales Fuldenses record that "Berhta regina" brought "filiam Desiderii regis Langobardorum" back from Italy as the wife for "Karolo filio suo"[13]. The Annales Laurissenses record the death "783 IV Id Jul" of "domna Berta regina", her burial "in Cauciaco", and the subsequent transfer of her body to "ecclesia sancti Dionysii martiris" next to her husband[14]. The necrology of Argenteuil Priory records the death "IV Id Jul" of "Bertrada regina"[15].

King Pépin & his wife had six children:
CHARLES ([near Aix-la-Chapelle] 2 Apr [747/48]-Aix-la-Chapelle 28 Jan 814, bur Aix-la-Chapelle, Chapelle Sainte-Marie)
CARLOMAN (751-Samoussy, near Laon 4 Dec 771, bur Reims, église de l'abbaye de Saint-Rémi)
GISELA (757-Chelles 30 Jul 810).
PEPIN (759-[761/62])
CHROTHAIS (-young, bur Metz, Saint Arnoul)
ADELAIS (-young, bur Metz, Saint Arnoul)
Nn daughter
Nn daughter


[1] Annales Einhardi 741, MGH SS I, p. 135.

[2] Scholz, B. W. with Rogers, B. (2000) Carolingian Chronicles: Royal Frankish Annals and Nithard's Histories (University of Michigan Press) (“RFA”), 749, p. 39.

[3] RFA 753 and 754, p. 40.

[4] Annales Necrologici Prumienses, MGH SS XIII, p. 219.

[5] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Abbaye de Saint-Denis, p. 327.

[6] Longnon, A. ‘Notice sur le plus ancien obituaire de l’abbaye de Saint-Germain des Prés’, Notices et documents publiés pour la société de l’histoire de France (Paris, 1884), p. 23.

[7] Annales Metenses 768, MGH SS I, p. 335.

[8] Annales Laurissenses 783, MGH SS I, p. 164.

[9] RFA 783, p. 61.

[10] Annales Laurissenses 749, MGH SS I, p. 136.

[11] DD Kar. 1, 16, p. 21.

[12] RFA 770, p. 48.

[13] Annales Fuldenses 770, MGH SS I, p. 348.

[14] Annales Laurissenses 783, MGH SS I, p. 164.

[15] Obituaires de Sens Tome I.1, Prieuré d'Argenteuil, p. 348.

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