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Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands » Henrietta Maria prinses v Frankrijk de Bourbon (1609-1669)

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Gezin van Henrietta Maria prinses v Frankrijk de Bourbon

Zij is getrouwd met Charles I Stuart.

op 23 juni 1625 te Canterbury, zij was toen 15 jaar oud.


Kind(eren):

  1. Charles II Stuart  1630-1685 
  2. Mary Henrietta Stuart  1631-1660 
  3. James II Stuart  1633-1701 
  4. Henriette van Engeland en Schotland  1644-1670 
  5. Anne of Harcourt  1790-1832
  6. Princess Catherine of England  1639-1639
  7. Princess Elizabeth of England  1635-1650
  8. Henry Stuart  1640-1660


Notities over Henrietta Maria prinses v Frankrijk de Bourbon

The Abbey of Saint Denis, which is located about 17 kilometres north of Paris, is the last resting place of most of the French Kings and Queens. Saint Denis was the first bishop  of Lutetia (Paris). According to the legend he was beheaded by the Romans on the hill now known as Montmartre, after which he picked up his head and walked away. He was buried at the spot where he fell and abbey was built to mark the place. From the 6th century on, French Kings chose the abbey as their place of burial. In 1122 the famous Suger was named abbot of Saint Denis by King Louis VI the Fat. In 1136 he ordered the building of a new abbey church, which was finished in 1147. Around 1260 King Louis IX, who is known as Saint Louis, put monuments on the
graves of his predecessors. These monuments can still be seen in the church  today. We are indeed fortunate that  the abbey is still here today, because events during the French Revolution  could well have led to its total destruction. In 1793, the French guillotined  their King and Queen, Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. A royal funeral  in St. Denis was out of the question: they were buried in the same cemetery as the other victims of the guillotine. To hasten the decomposing of their  bodies, they were buried in open coffins. In the same year the French  desacrated the Royal Tombs at St. Denis. They opened the tombs and took   out the bodies, which were dumped in two large pits nearby. Some people  took souvenirs, like a shoulderblade of Hugues Capet (d. 996), founder  of the Capet dynasty, or the beard of king Henri IV (d. 1610). The archaeologist Alexandre Lenoir saved many of the monuments from destruction, by claiming  them for his Museum of French Monuments. In the following years the abbey  decayed, because in revolutionary France Christianity had been replaced  by the Religion of Reason.  Emperor Napoleon I reopened  the church in 1806, after some urgent repairs. He was as much an enemy of the Bourbon kings as the revolutionaries were, so the royal remains  were left in their mass-graves. In 1813 the architect Debret started working on the church. His work was a disaster and as a result one of the church's  two spires had to be demolished in 1846. Today, the church has still only  got one spire.  After Napoleon's first exile, to the island of Elba, the Bourbons briefly returned to power. They ordered a search for the corpses of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, which were found on 21 January 1815 and brought to St. Denis. They were buried in  the crypt. On the exact spot of their original graves, the Chapelle Expiatore was built (1816-1821). It is situated on the Boulevard Haussmann in Paris.  After Napoleon's final defeat  at Waterloo (1815) the Bourbons had the opportunity to search for the remains of their ancestors. The mass-graves were opened in 1817, but it  had of course become impossible to distinguish any individuals in the  mass of bones. Therefore, the remains were put in a small room in St.  Denis' crypt, behind two marble plates with all their names on them. The coffin of the Crown Prince, Duke Charles Ferdinand of Berry, who was stabbed to death by a lone fanatic as he left the Opera on 13 February 1820, can  be seen in another room in the crypt. King Louis XVIII, who died on 16  September 1824, was buried in the centre of the crypt, close to the graves  of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette.  The architect Viollet-le-Duc, famous for his work on Notre Dame in Paris, worked on St. Denis from 1858   till his death in 1879. The monuments that were taken to the Museum of French Monuments were returned and the church (which became a cathedral  in 1966) now also has a collection of monuments from Parisian churches   which were demolished during the French Revolution. The corpse of King  Louis VII (d. 1180), who had been buried elsewhere and had escaped the attention of the revolutionaries, was brought to St. Denis and buried  in the crypt.

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Over de familienaam Bourbon

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Historische gebeurtenissen


  • Stadhouder Prins Maurits (Huis van Oranje) was van 1585 tot 1625 vorst van Nederland (ook wel Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden genoemd)
  • In het jaar 1609: Bron: Wikipedia
    • 9 april » Begin van het Twaalfjarig Bestand tussen Spanje en de Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden tijdens de Tachtigjarige oorlog.
    • 25 augustus » Galileo Galilei demonstreert zijn eerste telescoop.
    • 4 september » Henry Hudson ontdekt het eiland Manhattan.
    • 11 september » Henry Hudson vaart de naar hem genoemde rivier op.




Bron: Wikipedia


Bron: Wikipedia




    

Wilt u bij het overnemen van gegevens uit deze stamboom alstublieft een verwijzing naar de herkomst opnemen:
Richard Remmé, "Genealogy Richard Remmé, The Hague, Netherlands", database, Genealogie Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/genealogie-richard-remme/I1474.php : benaderd 26 oktober 2021), "Henrietta Maria prinses v Frankrijk de Bourbon (1609-1669)".