Ancestral Trails 2016 » RAOUL DE TOENI II (955-> 1023)

Données personnelles RAOUL DE TOENI II 


Ancêtres (et descendants) de RAOUL DE TOENI

UNKNOWN
893-????
UNKNOWN
930-????

RAOUL DE TOENI
955-> 1023

(1) 987

UNKNOWN
967-????


Famille de RAOUL DE TOENI II

(1) Il est marié avec UNKNOWN.

Ils se sont mariés en l'an 987 à Conches, Eure, Evreux, Haute-Normandie, France, il avait 32 ans.


Enfant(s):

  1. ROGER DE TOENI  990-1039 
  2. HUGH DE LIMESI  1015-???? 


Notes par RAOUL DE TOENI II

Born probably before 970, as in 1013-14, the Duke of Normandy, having founded the castle of Tillieres, gave custody of it to Ralph and his son Roger. Around 1015 he went to Apulia, and in the winter of 1015-16, he was at the seige of Salerno. While record of his wife's name has not survived, Orderic, in writing of Ralph's son, Roger, stated that he descended from an alleged uncle of Rolf/Rollo, founder of Normandy, so some believe it possible that Ralph's wife may have belonged to a ducal branch of that house. Ralph II de Toeni had at least two sons, Ralph and Roger, and may have also had a son, Robert de Toeni, who is known to have had a brother, Berenger "Spina", as well as a sister Bertha, who married Guy de Laval circa 1025. Some sources identify this Robert de Toeni as a predecessor of the later Robert de Toeni, Lord of Belvoir in 1086. Source: www.geneajourney.com

Wiki: "Coming from Île-de-France, the Tosnys first based themselves in Normandy in the 10th century to collaborate with the descendants of the Vikings. They formed part of this new elite which appeared around dukes Richard I and Richard II at the turn of the 10th to 11th century. In 991, Raoul I of Tosny witnessed the first surviving international treaty in Normand history (an accord between Duke Richard I and the Anglo-Saxon king Ethelred II). As one of the top Normans, he set out to fight in southern Italy. His grandson Raoul II took part with the premier barons in the court of William the Conqueror (1035-1087).

In 1013, Roger and his father Raoul I guarded the castle at Tillières for Richard II, Duke of Normandy. A few years later, for an unknown reason, the pair were forced into exile. While his father gained a reputation for himself in Apulia."

In 1015 Raoul joined a mercenary force under Henry II travelling to Italy to fight the
Byzantines. It was a Norman expedition and included Gosman, Stigand, Vautier de Canisy and Hugues de Falluques.
See also Pattou, http://racineshistoire.free.fr/LGN/PDF/Tosny.pdf.
Stewart ("Origin and early generations of the Tosny family") notes, "Acta Duc Norm 96 no 15,

Subscription to charter of Duke Richard II for Notre-Dame de Chartres dated at Rouen 21 Sep 1014: S. Rodulfi de Todeniaco. Radulf II most probably visited Rome not long after this, but the dating of his participation in the siege of Salerno to the winter of 1015/16 in CP xii/I 755 is more than a year too early. Prompted by Pope Benedict VIII, the Norman exile Radulf went on to support a rebellion against the Greeks in the south. Whether or not Radulf II of Tosny was this person and one of their number, as seems likely, the Normans wintered in Campania and reached Apulia by May 1017 under command of the rebel leader Melus of Bari, Guill Apul Gesta Rob 101-102".

1017, aided by Norman mercenaries, the Lombard noble Melus of Bari lead an
successful rebellion against Byzantine control of Apulia. The Byzantine Empire struck back in 1018

1018, the Eastern Empire, under Catepan of Italy Basil Boioannes, delivered a devastating defeat to the joint Lombard-Norman force at the Battle of Cannae. Melus fled to the Papal States following the defeat.

With the Byzantine successes in southern Italy, Pope Benedict VIII took an unusual step in 1020: he traveled north across the Alps into Germany to discuses the state of affairs in southern Italy with the Emperor. Meeting Henry II in Bamberg, the Pope was accompanied by a large number of Italian secular and ecclesiastical leaders, including Melus. Henry II granted Melus the empty title Duke of Apulia for his actions against the Byzantines. But Melus, just a few days later, died on April 23, 1020.

After settling some controversies with the bishops of Mainz and Würzburg, the Pope convinced Henry II to return to Italy for a third campaign to counter the growing power of the Byzantine Empire.

In 1022, Henry II set out down the Adriatic coast for southern Italy commanding a large force. He sent Archbishop Pilgrim of Cologne ahead with a slightly smaller army along the Tyrrhenian littoral with the objective of subjugating the Principality of Capua. A third army, smaller still, under the command of Patriarch Poppo of Aquileia went through the Apennines to join Henry II in besieging the Byzantine fortress of Troia. Though Patriarch Pilgrim captured Pandulf IV of Capua extracted oaths of allegiance from both Capua and the Principality of Salerno, all three of Henry II's armies failed to take Troia. The Byzantine troops could not be forced into a pitched battle and Henry II was forced to turn back, his army weakened by diseases and suffering heavy losses."

It is likely that Ralph returned to Normandy about 1023, and died in battle in that year.
SOURCE: http://www.davidkfaux.org/files/deTosnyReport.pdf

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La publication Ancestral Trails 2016 est composée par (contacter l'auteur).
Lors de la copie des données de cet arbre généalogique, veuillez inclure une référence à l'origine:
Patti Lee Salter, "Ancestral Trails 2016", base de données, Généalogie Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/ancestral-trails-2016/I105642.php : consultée 29 janvier 2023), "RAOUL DE TOENI II (955-> 1023)".