Family Tree Welborn » Bernard of Lombardy King of Lombardy (± 797-818)

Personal data Bernard of Lombardy King of Lombardy 


Ancestors (and descendant) of Bernard of Lombardy


Household of Bernard of Lombardy King of Lombardy

He is married to Cunigundis of Vermandois.

They got married


Child(ren):

  1. Pepin II de PERONNE & DE SAINT-QUENTIN  ± 817-± 848 


Notes about Bernard of Lombardy King of Lombardy



Bernard, King of Lombardy is your 30th great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Henry Marvin Welborn
your father ·Üí Emma Corine Welborn (Bombard)
his mother ·Üí Charles Everett Bombard
her father ·Üí Thomas Joseph {Charles Edward} Bombard
his father ·Üí Mathilde Domithilde
his mother ᆒ Jean Charles Claude Chainé (Chenay)
her father ᆒ Marie-Rose Rosalie Chainé (Belanger)
his mother ᆒ Augustin Bélanger
her father ᆒ Geneviève Thibault
his mother ·Üí Elisabeth-Agnes Thibault (Lefebvre)
her mother ᆒ Guillaume Lelièvre
her father ᆒ Sieur de la Provostière Pierre LeLievre (LELIÈVRE), sieur de la Provostière
his father ᆒ Renée d'Arclais
his mother ·Üí Dame Peronne De Banville
her mother ᆒ Michèle de Banville (du Parc)
her mother ·Üí Jean du Parc, baron de Cresnays
her father ᆒ Martin du Parc, Baron de Cresnays, Bernières, Verdun
his father ᆒ Robert du Parc, Seigneur d'Availlis, la Rochelle, Romilly, Bernières ,
his father ·Üí Guillaume du Parc, Seigneur d'Availlis
his father ·Üí Alain III Seigneur de la Motte-du-Parc
his father ᆒ Agnès de Coëtmen
his mother ᆒ Geslin de Penthievre de Coëtmen
her father ᆒ Henri I de Bretagne, comte de Tréguier
his father ·Üí Hawise (Hedwig) de Blois, comtesse de Guingamp
his mother ·Üí Thibaut, Count of Blois & Champagne
her father ·Üí Odo II, count of Blois, Champagne and Chartres
his father ·Üí Odo I, count of Blois
his father ·Üí Luitgarde of Vermandois
his mother ᆒ Héribert II, count of Vermandois
her father ᆒ Héribert I de Vermandois, comte de Vermandois, Senlis, Péronne
his father ᆒ Pépin II, lord of Péronne
his father ·Üí Bernard, King of Lombardy
his father

Bernard, King of Lombardy is your 32nd great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Marvin "Toad" Henry Welborn, Jr.
your father ·Üí Heny Marvin Welborn, Sr.
his father ·Üí Calhoun H. Welborn
his father ·Üí Sarah Elizabeth Dikes
his mother ·Üí Benjamin Franklin Dykes, II
her father ·Üí William Dykes, Sr.
his father ·Üí George Dykes, Sr.
his father ·Üí Edward George Dykes
his father ·Üí Edward Dykes
his father ·Üí Thomas Dykes
his father ·Üí Edward Dykes
his father ·Üí Thomas Dykes
his father ·Üí Leonard Dykes
his father ·Üí Isabelle Dykes
his mother ·Üí Mary Pennington
her mother ·Üí Mary Hudleston
her mother ·Üí Joan Fenwick
her mother ·Üí Sir William Leigh, MP
her father ·Üí Margaret De Leigh
his mother ·Üí William De Moulton
her father ·Üí Hubert de Moulton
his father ·Üí Thomas III de Multon, of Gillesland
his father ·Üí Ada de Morville
his mother ·Üí Helewise de Stuteville
her mother ·Üí Robert de Stuteville IV, Sheriff of Yorkshire, Lord of Cottingham
her father ·Üí Lady Erneburge de Stuteville
his mother ·Üí Hugh Fitz Baldric, Saxon Thane of Cowsby
her father ·Üí Margravine Eilika Fitzbaldric
his mother ·Üí Gerberga of Gleiberg
her mother ·Üí Count Heribert of Bretagne, Graf im Kinziggau
her father ᆒ Cunégonde de Vermandois
his mother ᆒ Héribert I, count of Vermandois
her father ᆒ Pépin II, lord of Péronne
his father ·Üí Bernard, King of Lombardy
his father

https://www.geni.com/people/Bernard-King-of-Lombardy/6000000000186468901

Bernard
Italian: Bernardo
Gender:
Male
Birth:
circa 797
Vermandois (Present Region Picardie), Neustria (within present France), Frankish Empire
Death:
April 17, 818 (16-25)
Milan, Neustria (Present Piedmont), Lombardia (within present Italy), Frankish Empire (complications from "blinding")
Place of Burial:
Basilica di Sant'Ambrogio, Milano, Provincia Milano, Regione Lombardia, Italia (Italy)
Immediate Family:
Son of Pépin, king of Italy and Mistress/es of Pepin

Husband of Cunigundis

Father of Pépin II, lord of Péronne

Brother of Princess Adelais, of Italy and Lombardia; Adula; Gundrada; Bertraide / Berthais; Theodrate d'Italie; and NN, one of the daughters of Pepin

****** old **********
Bernard
Italian: Bernardo
Gender:
Male
Birth:
circa 797
Vermandois (Present Region Picardie), Neustria (within present France), Frankish Empire
Death:
April 17, 818 (17-25)
Milan, Neustria (Present Piedmont), Lombardia (within present Italy), Frankish Empire (complications from "blinding")
Place of Burial:
Basilica di Sant'Ambrogio, Milano, Provincia Milano, Regione Lombardia, Italia
Immediate Family:
Son of "Pépin" Carloman, King of Italy and Mistress of Pepin
Husband of Cunigundis
Father of Pépin II, lord of Péronne
Brother of Adula; Theodrate d'Italie; Bertraide / Berthais and Gundrada d'Italia
Half brother of Adelaid or Athalia; Adelaide di Lombardia and Adelaide, of Lombardy

https://www.geni.com/people/Bernard-King-of-Lombardy/6000000000186468901

Bernard, King of Lombardy is your 37th great grandfather.
You
¬â€  ·Üí Geneva Allene Welborn
your mother ·Üí Henry Loyd Smith, Sr.
her father ·Üí Edith Lucinda Smith
his mother ·Üí William M LEE, Will
her father ·Üí Britton Lee
his father ·Üí William Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Lemuel Samuel Lee
his father ·Üí Edward Lee, Sr.
his father ·Üí Mary Lee
his mother ·Üí William Bryan, I
her father ·Üí John Smith Bryan
his father ·Üí William Bryan
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan, II, Justicar of Ireland
his father ·Üí Sir Francis Bryan I "The Vicar of Hell", Lord Chief Justice of Ireland
his father ·Üí Margaret Bryan, Lady Bryan
his mother ·Üí Humphrey Bourchier, Sir
her father ·Üí John Bourchier, 1st Baron Berners
his father ·Üí Anne of Gloucester, Countess of Stafford
his mother ·Üí Lady Eleanor de Bohun
her mother ·Üí Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford
her mother ·Üí Richard Fitzlan, Earl of Arundel
her father ·Üí Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel
his father ·Üí Richard FitzAlan, 8th Earl Arundel
his father ·Üí Isabella de Mortimer, Countess of Arundel
his mother ·Üí Maud de Braose, Baroness Mortimer
her mother ·Üí Eva Marshal, Baroness Abergavenny
her mother ·Üí Isabel de Clare, heiress of Pembroke
her mother ·Üí Richard "Strongbow" de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke
her father ·Üí Isabel de Beaumont, Concubine #15 of Henry I, Countess of Pembroke
his mother ᆒ Elisabeth de Vermandois, dame de Crépy
her mother ᆒ Countess Adèle de Vermandois, comtesse de Vermandois et Valois
her mother ·Üí Heribert IV (VI), comte de Vermandois
her father ·Üí Eudes, comte de Vermandois
his father ·Üí Herbert IV de Vermandois, son of Adalbert and Gerberga
his father ·Üí Adalbert I the Pious, count of Vermandois
his father ᆒ Héribert II, count of Vermandois
his father ᆒ Héribert I, count of Vermandois
his father ᆒ Pépin II, lord of Péronne
his father ·Üí Bernard, King of Lombardy
his father

A3.B4.C1 Bernard ([797]-Milan 17 Aug 818, bur Milan, San Ambrosio). Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina"[627]. He was confirmed 11 Sep 813 at Aix-la-Chapelle as BERNARD I King of Italy.
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ITALY,%20Kings%20to%20962.htm#PepinIItalyB
- see Bernard's Descent Line Project WIP

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Italy
Alternative data from merges: Born Vermandois Austrasia; Born Vermandois Neustria

Louis the Pious sentenced him to "blinding" - the process of blinding carried out by means of pressing a red-hot stiletto to the eyeballs - proved so traumatic that Bernard died in agony two days after the procedure
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Italy
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernardo_d%27Italia
http://genealogics.org/getperson.php?personID=I00020183&tree=LEO

Bernard King of Italy was born out of wedlock about 797. He was the son of Pépin King of Italy and Lombardy and Chrothais. In 813 Bernard, married Cunigunde. Bernard was crowned King of Italy in September 813. He revolted in July 817 when his uncle, Louis (I) the Pious who had succeeded Charlemagne as Emperor, proceeded to divide the empire among his sons, Bernhard's cousins. Bernhard doubtless felt that his father Pépin had been crowned King of Italy by Charlemagne and that he should follow his father as the full fledged King of Italy. Louis the Pious, however, had a different view of the situation. Seeing as Pépin had died before Charlemagne, Louis the Pious felt that as Charlemagne's heir, he was overall king or emperor; and that Bernhard was perhaps sort of a sub-king. Bernhard's revolt didn't work, and he was forced to submit to Louis in December 817, and he abdicated. He died on Tuesday, 17 April 818 in St. Amrosius, Milan, Italy. He was buried in Milan, Italy

Bernard was the illegitimate son of King Pepin of Italy, the second legitimate son of the Emperor Charlemagne. In 810, Pepin died from an illness contracted at a siege of Venice; although Bernard was illegitimate, Charlemagne allowed him to inherit Italy. Bernard married Cunigunda of Laon in 813. They had one son, Pepin, Count of Vermandois.
Prior to 817, Bernard was a trusted agent of his grandfather, and of his uncle. His rights in Italy were respected, and he was used as an intermediary to manage events in his sphere of influence - for example, when in 815 Louis the Pious received reports that some Roman nobles had conspired to murder Pope Leo III, and that he had responded by butchering the ringleaders, Bernard was sent to investigate the matter.
A change came in 817, when Louis the Pious drew up an Ordinatio Imperii, detailing the future of the Frankish Empire. Under this, the bulk of the Frankish territory went to Louis' eldest son, Lothair; Bernard received no further territory, and although his Kingship of Italy was confirmed, he would be a vassal of Lothair. This was, it was later alleged, the work of the Empress, Ermengarde, who wished Bernard to be displaced in favour of her own sons. Resenting Louis' actions, Bernard began plotting with a group of magnates: Eggideo, Reginhard, and Reginhar, the last being the grandson of a Thuringian rebel against Charlemagne, Hardrad. Anshelm, Bishop of Milan and Theodulf, Bishop of Orléans, were also accused of being involved: there is no evidence either to support or contradict this in the case of Theodulf, whilst the case for Anshelm is murkier.[1][2]
Bernard's main complaint was the notion of his being a vassal of Lothair. In practical terms, his actual position had not been altered at all by the terms of the decree, and he could safely have continued to rule under such a system. Nonetheless, "partly true" reports came to Louis the Pious that his nephew was planning to set up an 'unlawful' - i.e. independent - regime in Italy.[1]
Louis the Pious reacted swiftly to the plot, marching south to Chalon. Bernard and his associates were taken by surprise; Bernard travelled to Chalon in an attempt to negotiate terms, but he and the ringleaders were forced to surrender to him. Louis had them taken to Aix-la-Chapelle, where they were tried and condemned to death. Louis 'mercifully' commuted their sentences to blinding, which would neutralize Bernard as a threat without actually killing him; however, the process of blinding (carried out by means of pressing a red-hot stiletto to the eyeballs) proved so traumatic that Bernard died in agony two days after the procedure was carried out. At the same time, Louis also had his half-brothers Drogo, Hugh and Theoderic tonsured and confined to monasteries, to prevent other Carolingian off-shoots challenging the main line. He also treated those guilty or suspected of conspiring with Bernard treated harshly: Theodulf of Orleans was imprisoned, and died soon afterwards; the lay conspirators were blinded, the clerics deposed and imprisoned; all lost lands and honours.[1][2][3]
[edit] LegacyHis Kingdom of Italy was reabsorbed into the Frankish empire, and soon after bestowed upon Louis' eldest son Lothair. In 822, Louis made a display of public penance at Attigny, where he confessed before all the court to having sinfully slain his nephew; he also welcomed his half-brothers back into his favour. These actions possibly stemmed from guilt over his part in Bernard's death. It has been argued by some historians that his behaviour left him open to clerical domination, and reduced his prestige and respect amongst the Frankish nobility.[1] Others, however, point out that Bernard's plot had been a serious threat to the stability of the kingdom, and the reaction no less a threat; Louis' display of penance, then, "was a well-judged gesture to restore harmony and re-establish his authority."

Pepin was the second son of Charlemagne by his then-wife Hildegard.[1] He was born Carloman, but was rechristened with the royal name Pepin (also the name of his older half-brother Pepin the Hunchback, and his grandfather Pepin the Short) when he was a young child. He was made "king of Italy"[2] after his father's conquest of the Lombards, in 781, and crowned by Pope Hadrian I with the Iron Crown of Lombardy.

Born: 797, Vermandois, Austrasia 1039 Married: 813 Died: 17 Apr 818, Milan, Italy 1038,1039 Buried: St Amrosius, Milan, Italy
Ancestral File Number: 9G83-46.
General Notes:
He was the King of Italy. King of Italy 813-December 817.
Louis' brother Pepin was sub-king of Italy until his death in 810, and he was succeeded by his son Bernard (812-817). Louis, however, replaced Bernard with his own son Lothair (or Lothar; 817-855); Bernard revolted in 817 and Louis had him captured and blinded. Bernard died as a result of the blinding.
Events:
1. Occupation. King of Italy (806-818)
Marriage Information:
Bernard married Kunigunda DI PARMA Queen of Italy, daughter of Adelgis DI PARMA Conte di Parma and Unknown, in 813. (Kunigunda DI PARMA Queen of Italy was born about 797 in Parma, Italy and died after 15 Jun 835 1039,1040.) Parents: 1. Pépin (Pippin) I Carloman CAROLING King of Italy & Bertha DE TOULOUSE Queen of Italy 2. Pépin (Pippin) I Carloman CAROLING King of Italy & Ingletrude D' AUTUN Spouses/Children: Kunigunda DI PARMA Queen of Italy Pépin II DE ST. QUENTIN Count of Perronne & St-Quentin+

Bernard (797, Vermandois, Picardy ·Äì 17 April 818, Milan, Lombardy) was the King of the Lombards from 810 to 818. He plotted against his uncle, Emperor Louis the Pious, when the latter's Ordinatio Imperii made Bernard a vassal of his cousin Lothair. When his plot was discovered, Louis had him blinded, a procedure which killed him.

Life[edit] Bernard was the illegitimate son of King Pepin of Italy, the second legitimate son of the Emperor Charlemagne. In 810, Pepin died from an illness contracted at a siege of Venice; although Bernard was illegitimate, Charlemagne allowed him to inherit Italy. Bernard married a woman named Cunigunde, but the year of their marriage, and her origins are obscure; spuriously she has been called "of Laon". They had one son, Pepin, Count of Vermandois.
Prior to 817, Bernard was a trusted agent of his grandfather, and of his uncle. His rights in Italy were respected, and he was used as an intermediary to manage events in his sphere of influence - for example, when in 815 Louis the Pious received reports that some Roman nobles had conspired to murder Pope Leo III, and that he had responded by butchering the ringleaders, Bernard was sent to investigate the matter.
A change came in 817, when Louis the Pious drew up an Ordinatio Imperii, detailing the future of the Frankish Empire. Under this, the bulk of the Frankish territory went to Louis' eldest son, Lothair; Bernard received no further territory, and although his Kingship of Italy was confirmed, he would be a vassal of Lothair. This was, it was later alleged, the work of the Empress, Ermengarde, who wished Bernard to be displaced in favour of her own sons. Resenting Louis' actions, Bernard began plotting with a group of magnates: Eggideo, Reginhard, and Reginhar, the last being the grandson of a Thuringian rebel against Charlemagne, Hardrad. Anshelm, Bishop of Milan and Theodulf, Bishop of Orléans, were also accused of being involved: there is no evidence either to support or contradict this in the case of Theodulf, whilst the case for Anshelm is murkier.[1][2]
Bernard's main complaint was the notion of his being a vassal of Lothair. In practical terms, his actual position had not been altered at all by the terms of the decree, and he could safely have continued to rule under such a system. Nonetheless, "partly true" reports came to Louis the Pious that his nephew was planning to set up an 'unlawful' - i.e. independent - regime in Italy.[1]
Louis the Pious reacted swiftly to the plot, marching south to Chalon. Bernard and his associates were taken by surprise; Bernard travelled to Chalon in an attempt to negotiate terms, but he and the ringleaders were forced to surrender to him. Louis had them taken to Aix-la-Chapelle, where they were tried and condemned to death. Louis 'mercifully' commuted their sentences to blinding, which would neutralize Bernard as a threat without actually killing him; however, the process of blinding (carried out by means of pressing a red-hot stiletto to the eyeballs) proved so traumatic that Bernard died in agony two days after the procedure was carried out. At the same time, Louis also had his half-brothers Drogo, Hugh and Theoderic tonsured and confined to monasteries, to prevent other Carolingian off-shoots challenging the main line. He also treated those guilty or suspected of conspiring with Bernard harshly: Theodulf of Orleans was imprisoned, and died soon afterwards; the lay conspirators were blinded, the clerics deposed and imprisoned; all lost lands and honours.[1][2][3]
Legacy[edit] His Kingdom of Italy was reabsorbed into the Frankish empire, and soon after bestowed upon Louis' eldest son Lothair. In 822, Louis made a display of public penance at Attigny, where he confessed before all the court to having sinfully slain his nephew; he also welcomed his half-brothers back into his favour. These actions possibly stemmed from guilt over his part in Bernard's death. It has been argued by some historians that his behaviour left him open to clerical domination, and reduced his prestige and respect amongst the Frankish nobility.[1] Others, however, point out that Bernard's plot had been a serious threat to the stability of the kingdom, and the reaction no less a threat; Louis' display of penance, then, "was a well-judged gesture to restore harmony and re-establish his authority."[3]
References[edit] ^ Jump up to: a b c d McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians ^ Jump up to: a b Riché, Pierre, The Carolingians, p. 148 ^ Jump up to: a b McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge History, 700-900 Sources[edit] McKitterick, Rosamond, The Frankish Kingdoms under the Carolingians Riché, Pierre, The Carolingians McKitterick, Rosamond, The New Cambridge History, 700-900 Bernard of Italy Carolingian dynasty Died: 17 April 818 Regnal titles Preceded by Pepin Carloman King of the Lombards 8 July 810 ဓ 17 April 818 with Charlemagne as King of the Lombards (810ဓ814) Succeeded by Lothair I [show] v t e Kings of Italy between 476 and 963

http://www.our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p297.htm#i8902

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernard_of_Italy

CARLOMAN [Pepin], son of CHARLES I King of the Franks & his second wife Hildegard (777-Milan 8 Jul 810, bur Verona, San Zeno Maggiore).¬â€  "Pippinus" is named, and his parentage recorded, in the Gesta Mettensium, which specifies that he was his parents' second son[616].¬â€  He was baptised "PEPIN" in Rome 15 Apr 781 by Pope Hadrian, Settipani commenting that his name was changed from Carloman[617] but the primary source which identifies him by this name has not so far been identified.¬â€  He was crowned PEPIN King of Italy 15 Apr 781 at Rome[618], named King of the Lombards and installed at Pavia, ruling under the regency of Adalhard.¬â€  He invaded the duchy of Benevento in early 793.¬â€  The 796 victory of "rex Pippinus" against the Avars led by "Cacanus rex" (which reflects the title "Khagan" not his name) is commemorated in a contemporary poem[619].¬â€  The Annales Fuldenses record that "Ehericum ducem Foroiuliensem, deinde·Ä¶Pippinum filium regis" captured¬â€  the camp of "Hunorum·Ä¶Hringum" in 796, specifying that "Cagan et Iugurro principibus Hunorum" were killed by their own people[620].¬â€  At the partition of the empire agreed at Thionville in 806, Pepin was designated sovereign of Italy, Bavaria, Carinthia (except Nordgau) and Alemannia south of the River Danube.¬â€  He subjugated Istria, the towns of Dalmatia, and Venice in [810][621].¬â€  The Annales Fuldenses record the death "810 VIII Id Iul" of "Pippinum filius eius regem Itali√¶"[622].¬â€  The Annales Sancti Emmerammi record the death "810 Id Iul" of "Pippinus"[623].¬â€ 
Mistress (1): (from [795]) --- .¬â€  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Pepin's son Bernard was born "·Ä¶ex concubina"[624].¬â€  However, other sources do not refer to the fact that he was illegitimate.¬â€  The question is not beyond doubt.¬â€  Assuming that he was illegitimate, the name of King Pepin's mistress is not known.¬â€  Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis which reads "Karolus maior domus, Pippin rex, Karlomannus maior domus, Karolus imperator, Karolus rex, Pippin rex, Bernardus rex, Ruadtrud, Ruadheid, Svanahild regina, Bertha regina, Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina, Ruadheid, Hirminkar regina"[625].¬â€  He makes the obvious links between "Karolus maior domus·Ä¶Svanahild regina", "Pippin rex·Ä¶Bertha regina" and "Karolus imperator·Ä¶Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina", deducing that the last named "Ruadheid" must be linked logically to "Pippin rex".¬â€  However, this link is not inevitable.¬â€  It is based on three assumptions: firstly that the second "Pippin rex" was Pepin King of Italy (he is the most likely candidate, but it could also be Pepin King of Aquitaine, son of Emperor Louis I); secondly that there are no female names linked either to "Karolus rex" or to "Bernardus rex", which cannot be proved; and thirdly, that all the females listed were partners of the males listed, which is certainly not the case in view of the absence of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" who is assumed to be the husband of "Hirminkar regina".¬â€  Rösch suggests Bertha as the possible name of King Pepin's wife, citing Stromeyer[626].¬â€  Settipani suggests that she was a close relative of Adalhard Abb√© de Corbie and his half-brother Wala to explain the appointment of the former as regent for her son Bernard King of Italy in 813.¬â€ 
King Pepin had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):¬â€ 
1.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  BERNARD ([797]-Milan 17 Aug 818, bur Milan, San Ambrosio).¬â€  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina"[627]. ¬â€ He was confirmed 11 Sep 813 at Aix-la-Chapelle as BERNARD I King of Italy.¬â€ 
-¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  see below.¬â€ 
King Pepin had five [illegitimate] children by [Mistress (1)].¬â€  Einhard, who names these daughters, makes no mention of whether they were legitimate or not.¬â€  If they were illegitimate, it is not known whether they were full sisters of Bernard.¬â€ 
2.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  ADELAIS ([798]-after 810).¬â€  "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[628].¬â€  She was taken from Italy to the imperial court in 807[629].¬â€  same person as·Ä¶?¬â€  AEDA .¬â€  The Carmen de Primordiis C≈ìnobii Gandersheimensis names the wife of "Liudulfus" as "Oda·Ä¶Francorum·Ä¶de stirpe potentum, filia Billungi·Ä¶atque Aed√¶"[630].¬â€  Her precise origin is mentioned in the charter dated 885 by which "Oda comitissa, Pipini regis Itali√¶ ex filia neptis, Hliudolfi Ducis vidua" founded Kloster Calbe an der Milde, although the accuracy of this document is not known[631].¬â€  m BILLUNG, son of ---.¬â€ 
3.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  ADULA ([800/810]-after 810).¬â€  "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[632].¬â€  She arrived at the imperial court before 814.¬â€ 
4.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  GUNTRADA ([800/810]-after 810).¬â€  "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[633].¬â€  She arrived at the imperial court before 814.¬â€ 
5.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  BERTAIDE ([800/810]-after 810).¬â€  "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[634].¬â€  She arrived at the imperial court before 814.¬â€ 
6.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  THEODRADA ([800/810]-after 810).¬â€  "Adailhaidem, Atulam, Guntradam, Berthaidem ac Theoderadam" are named as daughters of Pippin by Einhard[635].¬â€  She arrived at the imperial court before 814.¬â€  [According to Winkhaus[636], one of the last four daughters married LAMBERT I Comte de Nantes, son of WIDO Comte et Marquis de Nantes & his wife --- (-Ticino 30 Dec 836), but the source on which this is based has not been identified.]¬â€ 
¬â€ 
¬â€ 
BERNARD, illegitimate son of PEPIN I King of Italy & his mistress --- ([797]-Milan 17 Aug 818, bur Milan, San Ambrosio).¬â€  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina"[637]. ¬â€ Bernard is named only son of Pippin by Einhard[638].¬â€  Regino names "Bernhardus filius Pippin rex Itali√¶" when recording his death in 818[639].¬â€  Settipani cites a litany of St Gallen which lists Bernard among Carolingians of illegitimate birth[640].¬â€  He was brought up at Kloster Fulda.¬â€  His paternal grandfather sent him back to Italy in autumn 812, granting him the title "rex Langobardorum" in Apr 813.¬â€  Einhard's Annales that "Walanem filium Bernhardi patruelis sui" was sent to Italy in 812 as guardian for "Bernhardum filium Pippin nepotem suum [Karoli imperatoris]"[641].¬â€  He was confirmed 11 Sep 813 at Aix-la-Chapelle as BERNARD I King of Italy, as vassal of the emperor, ruling under the regency of Adalhard abb√© de Corbie[642].¬â€  Although he swore allegiance to his uncle Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" on the latter's accession in 814, the emperor passed the Ordinatio Imperii in Jul 817 which failed to mention Bernard's royal status, effectively depriving him of any role in government and of his royal title.¬â€  Bernard rebelled unsuccessfully in Dec 817.¬â€  He was tricked into returning to France to ask for the emperor's forgiveness at Chalon-sur-Sa√¥ne, but was taken to Aix-la-Chapelle where he was sentenced to death.¬â€  The Annales Xantenses record that "Bernhardus rex Langobardorum" was blinded in 818[643].¬â€  Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina" was blinded and died on the third day which followed this[644]. ¬â€ After his death, Italy was once more placed under the direct rule of the emperor[645].¬â€ 
m ([813]) CUNIGUNDIS, daughter of --- (-after 15 Jun 835).¬â€  Settipani refers to an act of the monastery of San Alessandro, Parma dated 15 Jun 835 which names her[646].¬â€  The origin of Cunigundis is not known.¬â€  Settipani suggests[647] that she was Cunigundis, daughter of H√©ribert, relative of St Guillaume Comte de Toulouse in order to explain the transmission of the name H√©ribert into the family of Bernard King of Italy.¬â€  This is highly speculative.¬â€  It would also mean that H√©ribert was older than suggested in the document CAROLINGIAN NOBILITY, as it is unlikely that Cunigundis was born later than 800 assuming that the birth date of her son is correctly estimated at [815].¬â€ 
King Bernard & his wife had one son:
1.¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  PEPIN ([815]-after 850).¬â€  Regino names "Pippinum" son of "Bernhardus filius Pippin rex Itali√¶"[648].¬â€  Seigneur de P√©ronne et de Saint Quentin[649].¬â€  Comte near Paris after 834.¬â€ 
-¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€ ¬â€  COMTES de VERMANDOIS.¬â€ 

http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ITALY,%20Kings%20to%20962.htm#PepinIItalyB

Bertha appears to be only one of the possibilities for the name of Bernard's mother. See Medlands Discussion below:
Mistress (1): (from [795]) --- . Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris records that Pepin's son Bernard was born "ဦex concubina"[624]. However, other sources do not refer to the fact that he was illegitimate. The question is not beyond doubt. Assuming that he was illegitimate, the name of King Pepin's mistress is not known. Settipani quotes a name list in the Liber confraternitatum augiensis which reads "Karolus maior domus, Pippin rex, Karlomannus maior domus, Karolus imperator, Karolus rex, Pippin rex, Bernardus rex, Ruadtrud, Ruadheid, Svanahild regina, Bertha regina, Hiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina, Ruadheid, Hirminkar regina"[625]. He makes the obvious links between "Karolus maior domusဦSvanahild regina", "Pippin rexဦBertha regina" and "Karolus imperatorဦHiltikart regina, Fastrat regina, Liutkart regina", deducing that the last named "Ruadheid" must be linked logically to "Pippin rex". However, this link is not inevitable. It is based on three assumptions: firstly that the second "Pippin rex" was Pepin King of Italy (he is the most likely candidate, but it could also be Pepin King of Aquitaine, son of Emperor Louis I); secondly that there are no female names linked either to "Karolus rex" or to "Bernardus rex", which cannot be proved; and thirdly, that all the females listed were partners of the males listed, which is certainly not the case in view of the absence of Emperor Louis I "le Pieux" who is assumed to be the husband of "Hirminkar regina". Rösch suggests Bertha as the possible name of King Pepin's wife, citing Stromeyer[626]. Settipani suggests that she was a close relative of Adalhard Abbé de Corbie and his half-brother Wala to explain the appointment of the former as regent for her son Bernard King of Italy in 813.
King Pepin had one illegitimate child by Mistress (1):
1. BERNARD ([797]-Milan 17 Aug 818, bur Milan, San Ambrosio). Thegan's Vita Hludowici Imperatoris names "Bernhardus filius Pippini ex concubina"[627]. He was confirmed 11 Sep 813 at Aix-la-Chapelle as BERNARD I King of Italy.
http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ITALY,%20Kings%20to%20962.htm#Pepin...

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The publication Family Tree Welborn has been compiled by (contact the author).
When copying data from this family tree, please include a reference to the origin:
Marvin Loyd Welborn, "Family Tree Welborn", database, Genealogy Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/family-tree-welborn/I30846.php : accessed December 5, 2022), "Bernard of Lombardy King of Lombardy (± 797-818)".