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Ancestral Trails 2016 » Augusta FITZCLARENCE (1803-1865)

Personal data Augusta FITZCLARENCE 


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Ancestors (and descendant) of Augusta FITZCLARENCE


Household of Augusta FITZCLARENCE

(1)

She is married to John KENNEDY-ERSKINE.

on July 5, 1827, she was 23 years old.


Child(ren):

  1. Augusta Anne Millicent KENNEDY-ERSKINE  1831-1895 
  2. William Henry KENNEDY-ERSKINE  1828-1870 
  3. Wilhelmina KENNEDY-ERSKINE  1830-1905


(2)

She is married to John Frederick GORDON-HALLYBURTON.

on August 24, 1836, she was 32 years old.


Notes about Augusta FITZCLARENCE

Lady Augusta Gordon (née FitzClarence; 17 November 1803 - 8 December 1865) was a British noblewoman. Born the fourth illegitimate daughter of William IV of the United Kingdom (then Duke of Clarence) by his long-time mistress Dorothea Jordan, she grew up at their Bushy House residence in Teddington. Augusta had four sisters and five brothers all surnamed FitzClarence. Soon after their father became monarch, the FitzClarence children were raised to the ranks of younger children of a marquess.

In 1827, Augusta married the Hon. John Kennedy-Erskine, a younger son of the 13th Earl of Cassilis. They had three children before he died in 1831. Five years later, she married Lord Frederick Gordon, the third son of the 9th Marquess of Huntly. After the death of her sister Sophia in 1837, Augusta was appointed State Housekeeper of Kensington Palace by her father. She was the mother of the novelist Wilhelmina FitzClarence, Countess of Munster.

Augusta FitzClarence was born at Bushy House, Teddington on 17 November 1803 as the fourth daughter of Prince William, Duke of Clarence by his long-time mistress, the famous comic actress Dorothea Jordan. Dorothea was the most successful actress of her day and continued to act on the stage during their relationship. Augusta had nine siblings from the relationship, four sisters and five brothers all surnamed FitzClarence. While circumstances prevented the couple from ever marrying, for twenty years William and Dorothea enjoyed domestic stability and were devoted to their children. In 1797, they moved from Clarence Lodge to Bushy House, residing at the Teddington residence until 1807. Augusta was born there.

Augusta's daughter Wilhelmina would later write that Bushy was "a happy and beloved home" until it "came to end" upon Prince William's marriage to Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen in 1818. He and Dorothea had parted ways in December 1811 under a deed of separation, the debt-ridden duke desiring to secure a rich wife. Dorothea was granted £4,400 and the task of caring for their daughters; William was permitted to visit them until they turned thirteen. She left Bushy in January 1812. The money was not enough to cover her debts, however. Dorothea continued to act on the stage after his leaving. In 1815, she moved from London to Boulogne, France to evade her creditors. On 5 July 1816, she died there alone. She had suffered from ill health and possessed little money, having squandered the bulk of it on her eldest daughter Frances (fathered by another man).

Augusta's stepmother, Adelaide, was gentle and loving to the FitzClarence children. In 1818, Augusta and her siblings were granted a pension of £500, and Augusta was given her own version of the Royal Arms featuring a "baton sinister azure charged with an anchor between two roses or". In 1819, Baron Franz Ludwig von Bibra, a German man with knowledge of the classics and English, was engaged to tutor the two youngest FitzClarence daughters. He left in 1822 upon the completion of their education. In June 1830, the Duke of Clarence succeeded his brother George IV as King William IV. The following year, he made his eldest son George Earl of Munster, and had his issue by Jordan raised to the ranks of younger children of a marquess. With their father now monarch, the FitzClarences frequently attended court but their presence angered the Duchess of Kent, who felt that the FitzClarences would be a corrupting influence on her daughter Princess Victoria. King William loved his children and was aggrieved at their treatment at the hands of the Duchess, who would leave the room whenever they entered.

Marriage to Kennedy-Erskine
On 5 July 1827, Augusta married the Hon. John Kennedy-Erskine, a younger son of the 13th Earl of Cassilis. Kennedy-Erskine served as a captain with the 16th Lancers, and was made an equerry to King William in 1830. They had three children:

William Henry Kennedy-Erskine (1 July 1828 - 5 September 1870); married Catherine Jones in 1862 and had issue including the Scottish writer Violet Jacob
Wilhelmina "Mina" Kennedy-Erskine (27 June 1830[16] - 9 October 1906); married William FitzClarence, 2nd Earl of Munster in 1855 and had issue
Augusta Anne Millicent Kennedy-Erskine (11 May 1831 - 11 February 1895); married James Hay Erskine Wemyss in 1855 and had issue

Augusta enjoyed botany and needlework. John inherited his maternal grandfather's estate of Dun in Forfarshire, and as its châtelaine, Augusta was featured in Hugh Massingberd's Great Houses of Scotland. John died on 6 March 1831. Her youngest daughter Millicent was born posthumously, as John died several months before her birth. In an act considered scandalous King William, still early in his reign, publicly mourned the death of his son-in-law.

Now widowed, Lady Augusta and her children lived in a "charming brickhouse" at Railshead on the River Thames. King William often visited his daughter and grandchildren there, at one point coming to comfort Augusta when her young daughter Wilhelmina fell ill with a fever. They would often visit the king at Windsor Castle as well. They also had a house in Brighton.

Marriage to Gordon
On 24 August 1836, Lady Augusta married Lord Frederick Gordon, the third son of George Gordon, 9th Marquess of Huntly. Gordon was a professional sailor, and would become Admiral of the Navy in 1868. He and Augusta had no surviving children together.

Their Railshead residence had been situated next to a house owned by John's parents, who were angered by Augusta's second marriage and forced Augusta and Frederick to leave. Augusta turned to her father for help, and he granted her apartments in Kensington Palace and the position of State Housekeeper (replacing her recently deceased sister Sophia). They lived there for many years. In 1847, they embarked on a three-year trip to the continent, visiting Germany, France, and Italy. In 1850, they returned to Kensington Palace and Augusta's daughters came out in society. Both daughters married in 1855 in a double wedding, Wilhelmina to the 2nd Earl of Munster and Millicent to James Hay Erskine Wemyss.

Augusta died in 1865. Her husband survived Augusta by twelve years.
SOURCE: Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lady_Augusta_Gordon

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About the surname FITZCLARENCE


Historical events


  • The temperature on November 17, 1803 was about 8.0 °C. There was 44 mm of rainWind direction mainly south-southeast. Weather type: betrokken. Source: KNMI
  •  This page is only available in Dutch.
    De Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden werd in 1794-1795 door de Fransen veroverd onder leiding van bevelhebber Charles Pichegru (geholpen door de Nederlander Herman Willem Daendels); de verovering werd vergemakkelijkt door het dichtvriezen van de Waterlinie; Willem V moest op 18 januari 1795 uitwijken naar Engeland (en van daaruit in 1801 naar Duitsland); de patriotten namen de macht over van de aristocratische regenten en proclameerden de Bataafsche Republiek; op 16 mei 1795 werd het Haags Verdrag gesloten, waarmee ons land een vazalstaat werd van Frankrijk; in 3.1796 kwam er een Nationale Vergadering; in 1798 pleegde Daendels een staatsgreep, die de unitarissen aan de macht bracht; er kwam een nieuwe grondwet, die een Vertegenwoordigend Lichaam (met een Eerste en Tweede Kamer) instelde en als regering een Directoire; in 1799 sloeg Daendels bij Castricum een Brits-Russische invasie af; in 1801 kwam er een nieuwe grondwet; bij de Vrede van Amiens (1802) kreeg ons land van Engeland zijn koloniën terug (behalve Ceylon); na de grondwetswijziging van 1805 kwam er een raadpensionaris als eenhoofdig gezag, namelijk Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck (van 31 oktober 1761 tot 25 maart 1825).
  • In the year 1803: Source: Wikipedia
    • February 24 » In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review.
    • March 1 » Ohio becomes the 17th state of The United States.
    • April 26 » Thousands of meteor fragments fall from the skies of L'Aigle, France; the event convinces European scientists that meteors exist.
    • July 5 » The Convention of Artlenburg is signed, leading to the French occupation of the Electorate of Hanover (which had been ruled by the British king).
    • September 11 » Battle of Delhi, during the Second Anglo-Maratha War, between British troops under General Lake, and Marathas of Scindia's army under General Louis Bourquin.
    • September 23 » Second Anglo-Maratha War: The Battle of Assaye is fought between the British East India Company and the Maratha Empire in India.

Tip: herlaad deze pagina voor een nieuwe selectie van gebeurtenissen vanuit Wikipedia.


  • The temperature on August 24, 1836 was about 14.0 °C. Wind direction mainly northeast. Weather type: half bewolkt. Source: KNMI
  •  This page is only available in Dutch.
    De Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden werd in 1794-1795 door de Fransen veroverd onder leiding van bevelhebber Charles Pichegru (geholpen door de Nederlander Herman Willem Daendels); de verovering werd vergemakkelijkt door het dichtvriezen van de Waterlinie; Willem V moest op 18 januari 1795 uitwijken naar Engeland (en van daaruit in 1801 naar Duitsland); de patriotten namen de macht over van de aristocratische regenten en proclameerden de Bataafsche Republiek; op 16 mei 1795 werd het Haags Verdrag gesloten, waarmee ons land een vazalstaat werd van Frankrijk; in 3.1796 kwam er een Nationale Vergadering; in 1798 pleegde Daendels een staatsgreep, die de unitarissen aan de macht bracht; er kwam een nieuwe grondwet, die een Vertegenwoordigend Lichaam (met een Eerste en Tweede Kamer) instelde en als regering een Directoire; in 1799 sloeg Daendels bij Castricum een Brits-Russische invasie af; in 1801 kwam er een nieuwe grondwet; bij de Vrede van Amiens (1802) kreeg ons land van Engeland zijn koloniën terug (behalve Ceylon); na de grondwetswijziging van 1805 kwam er een raadpensionaris als eenhoofdig gezag, namelijk Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck (van 31 oktober 1761 tot 25 maart 1825).
  • In the year 1836: Source: Wikipedia
    • The Netherlands had about 2.9 million citizens.
    • April 21 » Texas Revolution: The Battle of San Jacinto: Republic of Texas forces under Sam Houston defeat troops under Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
    • May 4 » Formation of Ancient Order of Hibernians
    • July 29 » Inauguration of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France.
    • August 17 » British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
    • October 22 » Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
    • December 28 » Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico with the signing of the Santa María–Calatrava Treaty.

Tip: herlaad deze pagina voor een nieuwe selectie van gebeurtenissen vanuit Wikipedia.


  • The temperature on December 8, 1865 was about 4.2 °C. The airpressure was 78 cm mercury. The atmospheric humidity was 95%. Source: KNMI
  • Koning Willem III (Huis van Oranje-Nassau) was from 1849 till 1890 sovereign of the Netherlands (also known as Koninkrijk der Nederlanden)
  • In The Netherlands , there was from February 1, 1862 to February 10, 1866 the cabinet Thorbecke II, with Mr. J.R. Thorbecke (liberaal) as prime minister.
  • In the year 1865: Source: Wikipedia
    • The Netherlands had about 3.6 million citizens.
    • March 16 » American Civil War: The Battle of Averasborough began as Confederate forces suffer irreplaceable casualties in the final months of the war.
    • May 25 » In Mobile, Alabama, around 300 people are killed when an ordnance depot explodes.
    • November 10 » Major Henry Wirz, the superintendent of a prison camp in Andersonville, Georgia, is hanged, becoming one of only three American Civil War soldiers executed for war crimes.
    • November 18 » Mark Twain's short story "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County" is published in the New York Saturday Press.
    • November 26 » Battle of Papudo: A Spanish navy schooner is defeated by a Chilean corvette north of Valparaíso, Chile.
    • December 4 » North Carolina ratifies 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, followed soon by Georgia, and U.S. slaves were legally free within two weeks.

Tip: herlaad deze pagina voor een nieuwe selectie van gebeurtenissen vanuit Wikipedia.



Source: Wikipedia


Source: Wikipedia




    

The publication Ancestral Trails 2016 has been compiled by (contact the author).
When copying data from this family tree, please include a reference to the origin:
Patti Lee Salter, "Ancestral Trails 2016", database, Genealogy Online (https://www.genealogieonline.nl/ancestral-trails-2016/I107265.php : accessed November 30, 2021), "Augusta FITZCLARENCE (1803-1865)".